Between 55% to 60% of the working population of the state is annually deployed on agriculture.The sector’s contribution to the gross state domestic product was 30% in 1994, just 14% in 2009 due to economic growth of other sectors.

Agriculture has traditionally been a subsistence profession in Mizoram. It is seen as a means for generate food for one’s family, ignoring its potential for commerce, growth and prosperity. Rice remains the largest crop grown in Mizoram by gross value of output.Fruits have grown to become the second largest category, followed by condiments and spices.