Agriculture

Agriculture accounts for the largest share of the labour force. It contributed around 18.7% to the state’s gross domestic state product (GSDP) in 2009–10.A plurality of the state’s population are peasant farmers. Rice and potato are considered to be the principal food crops of West Bengal. West Bengal is the largest producer of rice in India with an annual output of around 15.4 million tonnes in FY 15, and the second-largest producer of potatoes in India with an average annual output of 11 million tonnes in FY 15.Rice, potato, jute, sugarcane and wheat are the top five crops of the state.Other major food crops include maize, pulses, oil seeds, wheat, barley, and vegetables. The state supplies nearly 90% of the potato requirement and 66% of the jute requirements of India. Tea is another important cash crop.Darjeeling is globally recognised for tea plantation of the acclaimed Darjeeling Tea variety. West Bengal, the second largest tea-producing state in India, produced 329.3 million kg of tea in 2014-15, accounting for 27.8 per cent of the country’s total tea production.