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The Allahabad Museum is centrally located in the Civil Lines area of city in the lush green Chandrashekhar Azad Park popularly known as Company Bagh. It is about 3 kms from Allahabad railway junction and almost equidistant from Prayag and Rambagh Railway Stations and about 12 km from Bamrauli Airport.

In 1863, the Board of Revenue requested the Government of North-Western Provinces for the establishment of a public library and a museum. With donations from the provincial government, the famous OrientalistSir William Muir and the Maharaja of Vijaynagaram, a superintendent of library and museum was appointed and an ornate building was inaugurated in 1878 to house the collection. For unforeseen reasons the museum closed down in 1881. The initiative to reopen the museum was taken by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the President of the Allahabad Municipal Board in 1923-24. Under the operational direction of Pandit Brij Mohan Vyas, the executive officer of the board, a museum was opened in the Municipal Building in 1931. Under the tutelage of Pandit Vyas, the museum acquired important collections, including ancient sculptures from Bharhut and Bhumra.

In 1942, S.C. Kala the first curator gave the much needed impetus to enriching the collections of the museum, especially adding the Nehru Personalia Collection and the Bengal School Paintings. As space became a constraint, it was decided that the museum should be shifted from the Municipal Board building to new premises. The foundation stone of the present museum building was laid on 14th December 1947 by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and the museum was opened to the public in 1954.

Galleries of Allahabad Museum Important objects of museum collection have been displayed in the Sixteen Galleries of the Museum including one gallery for temporary exhibitions.The specialty of this museum lies in the fact that it has separate galleries devoted to archeological findings, natural history exhibits, art gallery and artifacts donated by Jawaharlal Nehru.

Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of India, himself inaugurated Allahabad Museum in 1947. The museum boasts off a large collection of displays that are scattered across whopping 18 galleries! The objects on view include prehistoric and Indus Valley antiquities, stone sculpture, terracotta, bronzes, seals, miniature paintings, Buddhist thanks, textiles, weapons, medieval land grants as well as documents and the personal effects of Nehru and the freedom movement.

Beautiful stone images, intricately carved temple pillars and lintels dating from the 3rd century BC to the 12th century AD, represent important dynasties, both ancient and medieval. There are antiquities from nearly all the renowned schools of sculptures namely Gandhara, Mathura, Kausambi and Sarnath.

Nevertheless, the most interesting part of the display is the magnificent terracotta collection of this museum. Indeed, the collection is counted among the largest of its kind in the world. The oldest on the display dates as back as the fall of Indus valley civilization. The subject of these terracotta ranges from dancing and amorous scenes to bacchanalian feasts and hunts. The coin collection has outstanding too and includes Kushana and Gupta gold coins, while the manuscripts that are mainly in Sanskrit, date from the 16th century onwards.