Amravati

Amravati District is a District of Maharashtra state in central India. Amravati is the administrative headquarters of the district.

The district is situated between 20°32′ and 21°46′ north latitudes and 76°37′ and 78°27′ east longitudes. The district occupies an area of 12,235 km². The district is bounded by Betul District of Madhya Pradesh state to the north, and by the Maharashtra districts of Nagpur to the northeast, Wardha to the east, Yavatmal to the south, Washim to the southwest, and Akola and Buldhana districts to the west.

In 1853, the present-day territory of Amravati district as a part of Berar Province was assigned to the British East India Company, following a treaty with the Nizam of Hyderabad. After the Company took over the administration of the province, it was divided into two districts. The present-day territory of the district became part of North Berar district, with headquarters at Buldhana. Later, the province was reconstituted and the territory of the present district became part of East Berar district, with headquarters at Amravati. In 1864, Yavatmal District (initially known as Southeast Berar district and later Wun district) was separated. In 1867, Ellichpur District was separated but in August, 1905, when the whole province was reorganized into six districts, it was again merged into the district. In 1903, it became part of the newly constituted province of Central Provinces and Berar. In 1956, Amravati district became part of Bombay State and after its bifurcation in 1960, it became part of Maharashtra state.

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Amravati one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).It is one of the twelve districts in Maharashtra currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).

Amravati is the main growing region for the Ellachipur Sanman Chili pepper.[4] Anjangaon Surji & Achalpur is famous for growing betel leaves, piper longum, orange and banana. Warud, Morshi, Chandur bazar and Achalpur are famous for growing Nagpuri oranges.

According to the 2011 census Amravati district has a population of 2,887,826,roughly equal to the nation of Jamaica or the US state of Arkansas.This gives it a ranking of 131st in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 237 inhabitants per square kilometre (610/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 10.77%.Amravati has a sex ratio of 947 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 88.23%.

Important railway stations are Badnera and Amravati under Bhusawal-Badnera Section of Bhusawal Division of Central Railway. The other stations under meter gauge are Wan Road Dhulghat and Dabka. These are under Purna – Khandwa Section of South Central Railway. The stations under narrow gauge are Achalpur, Anjangaon Surji and Daryapur under Narrow Gauge Branch lines viz Murtajapur-Achalpur of Bhusawal Division of Central Railway.Amravati Airport is located at Belora, 15 kilometres South of Amravati on NH-6 towards Akola.