Amritsar district is one of 22 districts located in the Majha region of the state of Punjab in North India. The city of Amritsar is headquarters of this district.As of 2011 it is the second most populous district of Punjab (out of 22), after Ludhiana
During British Rule Amritsar was part of Lahore Division and was administratively subdivided into 3 tehsils namely – Amritsar, and Ajnala. Tarn Taran has itself formed into a district headquarters.However as part of the partition of India in 1947 Amritsar district was separated from the rest of the division and awarded to India. During the partition period, the Muslim population of the district, some 30%, left for Pakistan while Hindus and Sikhs from West Punjab in newly created Pakistan migrated in the opposite direction.The Sikhs were a majority in the Amritsar district constituting about 60% of the population before the partition of 1947. According to 2001 census, Sikhs make up about 77% while Hindus make 21% of the total population of the district.The Majha Region is the Birthplace of the Sikh religion, and the Birthplace of the Sikh Misls.
Amritsar is one of the largest cities of the Punjab state in India. The city origin lies in the village of Tung, and was named after the lake founded by the fourth Sikh Guru Ram Das in 1574 on land bought by him for 700 rupees from the owners of the village of Tung. Earlier, Guru Ram Das had begun building Santokhsar Sarovar, near the village of Sultanwind in 1564 (according to one source in 1570). It could not be completed before 1588. In 1574, Guru Ram Das built his residence and moved to this place. At that time, it was known as Guru Da Chakk. (Later, it came to be known as Chakk Ram Das.)Amritsar’s central walled city has narrow streets mostly developed in the 17th and 18th century. The city is a peculiar example of an introverted planning system with unique areas called Katras. The Katras are self-styled residential units that provided unique defence system during attacks on the city.
Amritsar is located at 31.63°N 74.87°E with an average elevation of 234 metres (768 ft).Amritsar has a semiarid climate, typical of Northwestern India and experiences four seasons primarily: winter season (December to March) with temperature ranges from 0 °C (32 °F) to about 15 °C (59 °F), summer season (April to June) where temperatures can reach 42 °C (108 °F), monsoon season (July to September) and post-monsoon season (October to November). Annual rainfall is about 681 millimetres (26.8 in).The lowest recorded temperature is −7.6 °C (18.3 °F), was recorded on 9 December 1996 and the highest temperature, 48.1 °C (118.6 °F), was recorded on 22 May 2013.
As of the 2011 Census of India, Hinduism and Sikhism are the main religions of Amritsar city with 49.36% and 49.00% people following them, though Sikhs form a majority of close to 70% in the Amritsar District as a whole, including the rural areas. In Amritsar city, Islam was followed by 0.51% and Christianity by 0.23%. Around 0.23% of the population of the city stated ‘No Particular Religion’ or another religion.