Arwal district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India, and Arwal town is the administrative headquarters of this district. It was earlier part of Jehanabad district.As of 2011 it is the third least populous district of Bihar (out of 39), after Sheikhpura and Sheohar.

Arwal district occupies an area of 638 square kilometres (246 sq mi),comparatively equivalent to Canada’s Foley Island.In Arwal district near mehandia MADHUSHARWA MELA, which is famous for ancient SHIV TEMPLE.Its name came in MAHABHARAT.

Economy of the district is totally agriculture-based, and this area does not have any presence of any industry. Paddy, wheat and pulse are the main crops. Though most of the area of the district is well irrigated, due to lack of infrastructure and power, farmers are not benefitted. Industries related to agriculture are starting up now a days.

Nearest airport is at Patna and railway station is at Jehanabad. By road, Arwal is linked with Jehanabad, Patna and Aurangabad transport by road.Another major road link was started which connects Arwal with Bhojpur areas after completion of mega son river bridge project.It is having excellent communication facility with other cities of India. NH98 which passes through arwal connects NH2.

According to the 2011 census Arwal district has a population of 700,843,roughly equal to the nation of Bhutan or the US state of North Dakota.This gives it a ranking of 502nd in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 1,099 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,850/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.01%.Arwal has a sex ratio of 927 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 69.54%.

Being a small district, Arwal has lesser place of interest where you can drop and enjoy the monuments but it offers a scenic and true India in rainy season when paddy is cultivated and farms are full of greenery. Besides, a leisure walk can be taken for hours on the banks of river Son. One of the leading Sufi Makhdoom Hazreat Shamshuddin Arwali’s Khanquah Khanqah e Shamsia Situated at banks of river Shahi Mohalla is well known spiritual centre of Bihar.

Arwal has literacy level of 45%.The level of primary and middle education is satisfactory, but in higher education district has not very good representation. Persons belonging to this district reach high professions like IAS, IITians. It has 3 college,39 high school,187 middle school and 282 primary school under state govt of Bihar.