Ashoknagar District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. The city of Ashoknagar is the administrative headquarters of the district. Ashoknagar district was formed in 2003.

The district has an area of 4673.94 km². It is bounded on the east by the Betwa River, which separates it from Lalitpur District of Uttar Pradesh and Sagar District of Madhya Pradesh. Vidisha District lies to the south. The Sindh River forms the western border of the district, which separates it from Guna District. Shivpuri District lies to the north.

The district has a population of 688,920 (2001 census). It is divided into five tehsils: Ashoknagar, Chanderi, Issagarh, Mungaoli and Shadora. The district was created on August 15, 2003 when it was split from Guna District.Shahdora a town 15 km from Ashoknagar had been given tehsil status in September 2008. Ashoknagar also has a great historical importance.

The region was ruled as a part of Isagarh District of the Indian princely state of Gwalior. It is believed that King Ashoka on his return from Ujjain victory did a night halt on pachhar land, hence the name Ashoknagar.

In 2001 census, Ashoknagar had a population of 67,705.In 2011 census, Ashoknagar had population of 844,979 of which male and female were 444,651 and 400,328 respectively. There was change of 22.65 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001. In the previous census of India 2001, Ashoknagar District recorded increase of 23.20 percent to its population compared to 1991.

The initial provisional data suggest a density of 181 in 2011 compared to 147 of 2001. Total area under Ashoknagar district is of about 4,674 km2.

Average literacy rate of Ashoknagar in 2011 were 67.90 compared to 62.26 of 2001. If things are looked out at gender wise, male and female literacy were 80.22 and 54.18 respectively. For 2001 census, same figures stood at 77.01 and 45.24 in Ashoknagar District. Total literate in Ashoknagar District were 480,957 of which male and female were 299,409 and 181,548 respectively. In 2001, Ashoknagar District had 344,760 in its total region.

With regards to Sex Ratio in Ashoknagar, it stood at 900 per 1000 male compared to 2001 census figure of 879. The average national sex ratio in India is 940 as per latest reports of Census 2011 Directorate.

A myth which is associated with Ashoknagar city and which is very popular among the residents is that if the Chief Minister of a State visits Ashoknagar, soon after the visit, he loses his position. Many CMs like Dwarka Prasad Mishr, Shri Sundarlal Patwa, Arjun Singh, Digvijay Singh, Uma Bharti, Babulal Gaur, and even Mr. Lalu Prasad Yadav have become victims of this myth. So now CMs have started avoiding any visit to Ashoknagar. Current MP Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan has never visited Ashoknagar.

Ashoknagar has good transport facilies. It is connected to main cities of the state as well as the cities around India by Railways and Roadways. It is situated on the Kota-Bina railway section of Western Central Railway. Ashoknagar is situated on the State Highway. It is Well connected with its surrounding district namely Guna, Vidisha and Shivpuri The length of state highways in the District is about 82.20 km. Ashoknagar is situated on the Western-Central Railway ‘s broad gauge line of the Kota-Bina Section. Another rail link, viz., The total rail length in the district is about 141 km and the route kilometrege per 100 square KM is 1.27. Recently The trains are available for Kota, Bina, Ujjain, Indore, Jodhpur, Jaipur, Ahamdabad, Bhopal, Sagar, Damoh, Jabalpur, Durg, Varanasi, Gorakhpur, Delhi, Deharadoon, Darbhanga and Gwalior.