Auraiya

Auraiya district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Auraiya town is the district headquarters.It lies on the south-western portion of Uttar Pradesh and also forms a part of the Kanpur Division.

On 17 September 1997 two tehsils named Auraiya and Bidhuna were separated from district Etawah to form the new district named as Auraiya. It is situated on National Highway 2 (Mughal Road) and 64 km in the east of district headquarters of Etawah and 105 km in west of Kanpur.

The district of Auraiya lies in the south-western portion of Uttar Pradesh 26.4667°N 79.5167°E and also forms a part of the Kanpur Division. It borders the districts of Kannauj on the north, Etawah on the west, Ramabai Nagar district on the east, and Jalaun to the south. It has an average elevation of 133 metres (436 feet).

The Auraiya District covers an area of 2,054 km2 (793 sq mi), of which more than one-third is designated rural. The main rivers which flows through the district are Yamuna and Senger. The total length of the Yamuna in the district is about 112 km. Auraiya lies entirely in the Indo-Gangetic Plain, but its physical features vary considerably and are determined by the rivers which cross it.

The District features an atypical version of the humid subtropical climate. Summers are long and the weather is extremely hot from early April to mid-October, with the monsoon season in between. The average annual rainfall in the district is 792 mm. About 85% of the annual normal rainfall in the district is received during the south west monsoon months from June to September, August being the rainiest month. The brief, mild winter starts in late November, peaks in January and heavy fog often occurs.

Temperatures in the district range from 3 to 46 °C, with May being the hottest and January being the coolest month. During the rainy season the relative humidity is generally high being over 70%. Thereafter the humidity decreases and by summer which is the driest part of the year the relative humidity in the afternoons become less than 30%.

The area of cultivable land in the district in 1990-91 was 141624 hectares. According to the 1990-91 agricultural survey, the total number of active cultivable lands remained to be 151838. Most of the cultivables are small. The count of cultivables less than 0.5 hectares remained to be 47.65%, and between 0.5 & 1.0 hectares the culivables remained to be 23.76%, and 1.0 to 2.0, it were 17.33%, and 2.0 to 4.0 hectare cultivable land’s percentage was 8.54%, and more than 4.0 it were 2.72%.

According to the 2011 census Auraiya district has a population of 1,372,287,roughly equal to the nation of Swaziland or the US state of Hawaii.This gives it a ranking of 357th in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 681 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,760/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.3%.Auraiya has a sex ratio of 864 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 80.25%.

In 1991, Hindus percentage was 92.79% against the state average of 83.76% and 6.63% of Muslims as compared to the state average of 15.48%. The remaining 0.58% of the district population was Sikhs, Christians, Jains and Buddhists.