Aurangabad district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India. It is currently a part of the Red Corridor.

Aurangabad district occupies an area of 3,389 square kilometres (1,309 sq mi),comparatively equivalent to Russia’s Vaygach Island.Aurangabad town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Aurangabad district is a part of Magadh division.

In 2006 the Indian government named Aurangabad one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).

According to the 2011 census Aurangabad district, Bihar has a population of 2,511,243,roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait or the US state of Nevada.This gives it a ranking of 172nd in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 760 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,000/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 24.75%.Aurangabad has a sex ratio of 916 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 72.77%.This gives it a ranking of 172nd in India (out of a total of 640).

Literature and culture are the finest embodiments of the spiritual stage of the human society No society can flourish without literary and cultural trends. Agriculture prospers the land where as culture prospers the wisdom. Culture sprays its beauty and fragrance by fostering and developing itself into liberty. Aurangabad has its special status in the field of literature and culture not only on provincial level but also on the national level. The land of Aurangabad has produced eminent personalities from down to ages. The composer of the book, Kadambari of India-fame living at the sacred place, Peeru, Raja Jagannath Prasad Singh, kinkar, Pandit Gangadhar Shastri (respected in the kingdom of the gwalior Raj Gharana), Shri Rudrashta Pathak, Pandit Damodar Mishra, Shri Kamleswar jee, Shri Kamta Prasad Singh, Qam, Shri Ram Ghulam Ram and Shri Shankar Dayal Singh, the Son of Shri Kamta Prasad Singh Qam and an ex-member of the Rajya Sabha are among them with their various deeds aimed at the welfare of humanity on a wide scale. The land of Aurangabad has got the fate of achieving the specialized and wealthy Jhunjhunanwa hill and a peculiar natural wealth. The ancient books in Bengali, Urdu, Persian, Sanskrit, Hindi and English are available at the hands of the members of the family of Raja Narayan Singh in Bihar. The eminent singer and artist of Repute, Isaraj is the gift of this district.