Ballia district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state, India. Ballia district is a part of Azamgarh Division situated in eastern Part of Uttar Pradesh. Main occupation is agriculture. Ballia City is district headquarters and commercial Market of this district. There are six tehsils (talukas) in this district viz Ballia, Bansdih, Rasra, Bairiya, Sikandarpur, and Belthara. Rasra is second major commercial area of district, having one government sugar mill and one cotton weaving industry. Though Ballia’s core occupation is agriculture but there are some small industries are existing. Maniar is known for its bindi (Indian ladies putting on their forehead) industry and major supplier.

According to the 2011 census Ballia district has a population of 3,223,642, roughly equal to the nation of Mauritania or the US state of Iowa.This gives it a ranking of 108th in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 1,081 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,800/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.73%.Ballia has a sex ratio of 933 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 73.82%.

Languages include Bhojpuri, a tongue in the Indo-Aryan language group with almost 40 000 000 speakers, written in both the Devanagari and Kaithi scripts.Bhojpuri is generally spoken by the commoners in the district but the upper-class people use Hindi or Urdu and even English to some extent.

Contribution of Ballia to Hindi Literature is immense as many prominent scholars hail from Ballia such as Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Bhairav Prasad Gupt and Amar Kant. Other notable persons belonging to the district are brother duo Baldev Upadhyaya, famous Sanskrit critic and Krishndev Upadhyaya, (Bhojpuri) scholar with works in Bhojpuri folk literature.Ballia is surrounded by two major river Ganges and Ghaghra (Saryu) that make this land more fertile.