Balrampur

Balrampur district is one of the 1 districts of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and is a part of Devipatan division as well as the historic Awadh regions. Located on the banks of the West Rapti River, Balrampur town is the district headquarter. Balrampur is known for the temple of Pateshwari Devi, a Shakti Pitha, and for the ruins of the nearby ancient city of Sravasti, now a pilgrimage site for Buddhists and Jains. The nearest airport is Shravasti airport 23.3 kilometres (14.5 mi) from the town but it is not an international and regular airport; the nearest international and regular airport is Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport in Lucknow, 177.1 kilometres (110.0 mi) away. Lucknow is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh and is 162 kilometres (101 mi) from Balrampur district headquarters.

The district is named after the erstwhile princely estate (Taluqdari) and its capital, Balrampur. The name of this estate was derived from its founder Balram Das, who founded it in c. 1600 CE.

The territory which the present Balrampur district covers was a part of the ancient Kosala kingdom.

The district’s northern border with Nepal’s Dang Deukhuri District follows the southern edge of the Dudhwa Range of the Siwaliks. To the northeast lies Kapilvastu District, Nepal. The rest of Balrampur is surrounded by Uttar Pradesh: on the east by Siddarthnagar, Basti on the south, Gonda on the southwest, and Shravasti on the west. Balrampur’s area is 3,457 km2.

Balrampur town is known for Balrampur Chini Mills, one of the largest sugar manufacturing industry in the country.In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Balrampur one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).

According to the 2011 census Balrampur district has a population of 2,149,066, roughly equal to the nation of Namibia or the US state of New Mexico.This gives it a ranking of 213th in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 642 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,660/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 27.74%.Balrampur has a sex ratio of 922 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 51.76%.