Bargarh District is an administrative district of Odisha state in eastern India. The city of Bargarh is its district headquarters. The district was carved out of the erstwhile district of Sambalpur in 1993.

The district has an area of 5832 km². The district of Sambalpur is in the north east, Bolangir & Subarnapur districts are in the south, Nuapara district is in the south west and the state of Chhattisgarh is to its west.

All-season irrigation from Hirakud dam on the Mahanadi River makes the northern half of Bargarh District rich in agriculture, mostly paddy.This district is famous for centuries old handloom industry manufacturing a trade-mark textile form called Sambalpuri Saree.

According to the 2011 census Bargarh district has a population of 1,478,833, roughly equal to the nation of Gabon or the US state of Hawaii.This gives it a ranking of 339th in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 253 inhabitants per square kilometre (660/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 9.84%.Bargarh has a sex ratio of 976 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 75.16%.

It has a sizeable population of weaver community, some of whom are national awardee and even Padmashree. This district has produced many conspicuous literary prodigies like Gangadhar Meher, Hema Chandra Acharya, Dr. Prafulla Kumar Tripathy and Haldhar Nag.The people of Bargarh district speak Kosli (Sambalpuri)Odia. In border area of Bargarh people speak in Chhattisgarhi Hindi.

Bargarh town is situated on the bank of river Jeera. The Howrah-Mumbai National Highway No-6 runs through the town. The town is famous for a 10-day-long open-stage drama, Dhanuyatra, based on the life and times of Lord Krishna, culminating in the death of King Kansa.