Basti

Basti district, is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state, India and Basti town is the district headquarters. Basti district is a part of Basti Division. The ruins of Mahua Dabar town are located in the Basti district.

Basti came from the original name basisthi, Basisth the great sage ashram situated in this area Sher Shah Suri made a well and a sarai here and hence receiving the name.In 1801, the town Basti became a tehsil headquarter, and in 1865, it was chosen as the headquarters of the newly established Basti district of Gorakhpur Commissionary.

The district lies between the parallels of 26° 23′ and 27° 30′ North and Latitude and 82° 17′ and 83° 20′ East longitude. Its maximum length from north to south is about 75 km. and breadth from east to west about 70 km. The district lies between newly created district Sant Kabir Nagar on the east and Gonda on the west On the south, the Ghaghra river near Amorha Khas previously known as Amorha Province or State of Raja Zalim Singh separates it from the Faizabad and newly created district named Ambedkar Nagar. While on the North it is bounded by district Sidharth Nagar.

According to the 2011 census, Basti district has a population of 2,461,056, and almost all of population lives in rural villages, which roughly equals to that of Kuwait or the US state of Nevada.This ranks it the 179th populous district in India.The district has a population density of 916 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,370/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 18.05%.Basti has a sex ratio of 959 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 69.69%.The sex ratio of Basti is 959, better than the national sex ratio of 940.27 but better than Uttar Pradesh’s 908. The child sex ratio of Basti is 922, which again is better than the national average of 914 female children per 1000 males.

Vernaculars spoken in the district include Awadhi in western areas and Bhojpuri in the eastern side. The district Basti may be considered as the demarcation of the languages Awadhi and Bhojpuri. In city, due to increase in educated population, khari boli of Hindi is also observed in daily conversations.

The district is noted for its cotton textiles and sugar industries. Cottage industries and small-scale industries including the manufacturing units of brass ware, iron and carpentry goods, agricultural implements, bricks, agro-products, foot-wear, soaps, candles, and pottery are present here. Basti is also known for its bamboo, eucalyptus (Eucalyptus teritrornis), mango and shisham (Dalbergia sissoo) populations. Three sugar factories are housed in the district. Sugarcane, maize, paddy, pulses, wheat, barley and potato are commonly cultivated. The most of the population is depending for their livelihood on agricultural practices. The district is well connected through NH 28 which reflects on its good economy. The city is well connected through railways also.

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Basti one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).The City is also known as the place where Nationwide Youth organisation “National Association of Youth” founded and run from Basti.

The main line connecting Lucknow with Gorakhpur and places in Bihar and Assam in the east passes through the south of the district. The main line has 7 railway stations which are, from east to west, Munderwa, Orwara, Basti, Govindnagar, Tinich, Gaur, and Babhnan within the district. There is a daily Intercity express between Gorakhpur, Basti, Gonda and Lucknow. National Highway 28, a part of the East West Corridor project of Government of India and NHAI, also passes through Basti.