Bhagalpur, a treasure of fine quality silk, is a city of historical and commercial significance to Bihar. Referred to as “Bhagdattpuram”, it rests leisurely over the fertile Gangetic plains. Ruled upon by many mighty rulers from time to time, the city occupied a prominent place as a trade market for colonial powers. Learned personalities like Fa Hein and Huan Tsang visited it; the city has found mention in epics of Ramayana and Mahabharata.
The most significant industry here is sericulture. The silk produced in its industries of highest quality and is called Tussar Silk. It is the silk-weaving that Bhagalpur is termed as India’s silk city. A number of families have been into this business from centuries. Its ideal location over the fecund plains of Ganga has bestowed it with several crops like wheat, rice, barley, mango and many others.
The city was an important part of Angha kingdom. Snake worship was quiet popular and was celebrated with enthusiasm by the denizens. It was, later, merged with the mighty empire of Magadha. Centuries later, it was subjugated by gaur kingdom. Mughal emperor Akbar had a stronghold over the city and mingled it with his Delhi kingdom. With the establishment of British colonial rule, Bhagalpur became part of East India Company.