Bhojpur district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state in northern India. Arrah town (also known as Ara) is the administrative headquarters of this district.

Bhojpur district occupies an area of 2,395 square kilometres (925 sq mi),It is located at a longitude of 83° 45′ to 84° 45′ East and the latitude is 25° 10′ to 25° 40′ North and is situated at a height of 193 meters above sea level.

In 2006 the Indian government named Bhojpur one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).It is one of the 38 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).

According to the 2011 census Bhojpur district, Bihar has a population of 2,720,155, roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait or the US state of Nevada.This gives it a ranking of 145th in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 1,136 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,940/sq mi) .Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 21.27%.Bhojpur has a sex ratio of 900 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 72.79%.

Languages include Bhojpuri, a tongue in the Bihari language group with almost 200 000 000 speakers, according to the study of ‘Times of India Daily’ written in both the Devanagari and Kaithi scripts.Hindi, Urdu.