bibiyapur-kothi

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Bibiapur House (Bibiapur Kothi) in Lucknow is located on the right bank of river Gomti on the south east of the city. This royal building was built by Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula and designed with the assistance of *General Claude Martin.

The double storeyed structure was simple but attractive in design, consisting of spacious halls, high ceilings with wooden beams and rafters, spiral stair cases (probably first time in India) and imposing double columns. The large hall was tastefully embellished with white and blue European tiles. The building is constructed on a rectangular ground plan with lakhauri bricks laid in lime mortar and coated with thick lime plaster.

The Nawabs used this place to entertain their European guests. It was also used as Hunting Place by the royal family and European guests. After the demise of Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula in December 1798 AD, a Darbar was held here and Sir John Shore, declared Saadat Ali Khan as the rightful successor to the throne.

After the annexation of Avadh in 1856 AD, the place was frequently used by the British, particularly by army officials for various celebrations.

The three-storeyed building served as an entertainment house for important emissaries of the British Government. Kothi Bibiyapur has a striking French influence with light blue tiles brought specially from France, adorning its interior. The serpentine wooden staircases built inside the Kothi are known to be the first of their kind in India. The Kothi also served as a hunting resort, and Nawab Saadat Ali Khan was crowned here. The building is presently situated within the precincts of the Military Dairy and is under the protection of the Archaeological Survey of India.

Bibiyapur Kothi