Bidar

The Bidar district is the northernmost part of the Karnataka state in India. Geographically, it resembles the Crown of the State occupying its northeastern tip. It is bounded by Nizamabad and Medak districts of Telangana state on the eastern side, Latur and Osmanabad districts of Maharashtra state on the western side, Nanded district of Maharashtra state on the northern side and Gulbarga district on southern side.

The Bidar district is constituted by five talukas viz. Aurad, Basavakalyan, Bhalki, Bidar and Humnabad with Bidar being the headquarters of the district.

The traditional tales refer this as Viduranagara of Mahabharata times and also as the place where Nala and Damayanthi were meeting.Historically, the district had a glorious past. It was ruled by the Mauryas, Satavahanas, Rashtrakutas, Chalukyas, Kalachuris, Kakatiyas, Khiljis, Bahamanis, Baridshahis, Mughals and the Hyderabad Nizam. 8The treasure of culture, fine arts and architecture nurtured by successive rulers has contributed to its richness. As such, there are more Hindus and Muslims in Bidar district with their rich culture. Similarly, social and religious reformers such as Basaveshwara and Guru Nanak also played significant role in social reformation based on equality.The great revolution by Shivasharanas in the 12th century, encompassing social, literacy and religious fields emerged on this land.

The total geographical area of the district as per the provisional figures computed by the Survey of India is 5,451 km2, while the reporting area of the district for land-utilisation purposes, as worked out by the State Department of Survey Settlement and Land Records and local bodies, is 5,448 km2.

According to the 2011 census Bidar district has a population of 1,700,018, roughly equal to the nation of The Gambia or the US state of Nebraska.This gives it a ranking of 287th in India (out of a total of 640). Bidar district accounts for 2.84% of total area of the state and it is home for 2.78% of the total population in the state. The district has a population density of 312 inhabitants per square kilometre (810/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 13.16%.Bidar has a sex ratio of 952 females for every 1000 males,and a literacy rate of 71.01%.