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Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy was an eminent Indian freedom fighter and the second Chief Minister of West Bengal. Considered as the Maker of Modern West Bengal, he founded five eminent cities, Durgapur, Kalyani, Bidhannagar, Ashokenagar, and Habra. A former student of the Calcutta Medical College, he completed both his F.R.C.S. and M.R.C.P. degrees in a little over two years, in England. On his return to India, he joined as a faculty member of Calcutta Medical College. He went on to establish several prominent medical institutions in Calcutta. A member of Brahmo Samaj, he later entered politics and was elected to the Bengal Legislative Council and the All India Congress Committee. He led the Civil disobedience movement in Bengal and was later elected as Mayor of Calcutta Corporation. He played a prominent role in the selection of the National Anthem. On Gandhi’s insistence, he accepted the Chief Minister position of West Bengal and took office in 1948. Within three years, he restored law and order in chaotic Bengal. The Government of India honoured him with the Bharat Ratna in 1961. In spite of being an active politician, he was principally a physician. National Doctor’s Day is celebrated every year on 1st July on his birthday.

Bidhan Chandra Roy was born on 1 July 1882, in Patna, Bihar, to Prakash Chandra Roy, an excise inspector, and Aghorkamini Devi. He was the youngest child of the family and had four elder siblings.

Growing up, his mother passed away when he was only 14 years old. His father had to stay outdoors most of the time because of his work, hence, the five siblings divided amongst themselves the responsibilities of domestic work.In 1897, he passed matriculation examination from Patna Collegiate School. Later, he completed his I.A. from Presidency College, Calcutta and B.A. Honours in Mathematics from Patna College.
He got through the admission of both Calcutta Medical College and Bengal Engineering College. Nevertheless, he chose medicine over engineering and moved to Calcutta in 1901 to study at the Calcutta Medical College.

After the first year of medical college, he faced acute shortage of funds as his father retired from his job. To salvage the situation, young Roy earned a scholarship and lived parsimoniously to manage his finances better.

In 1905, when partition of Bengal was announced he was still in college. He wanted to join the nationalist movement but decided to serve his nation better by completing his studies first and qualifying as a doctor.