Bijapur

Bijapur District is a district in the state of Karnataka in southern India. The city of Bijapur is the headquarters of the district, and is located 530 km northwest of Bengaluru. Bijapur is renamed as vijayapur now.Bijapur is well known for the great monuments of historical importance built during the Adil Shahi dynasty.

While archaeological evidence indicates that the area was settled by the late Paleolithic, the legendary founding of the city of Bijapur was in the late 900s under Tailapa II, who had been the Rashtrakutan governor of Tardavadi, and after the destruction to the empire caused by the invasion of the Paramara of Malwa, declared his independence and went on to found the empire of the Chalukyas of Kalyani,where the city was referred as Vijayapura (“City of Victory”).By the late 13th century, the area had come under the influence of the Khilji Sultanate. In 1347, the area was conquered by the Bahmani Sultanate of Gulbarga. By this time the city was being referred as Vijapur or Bijapur.

Bijapur District has an area of 10541 square kilometres. It is bounded on the east by Gulbarga District, on the southeast by Raichur District, on the south and southwest by Bagalkot District, and on the west by Belgaum District, and by the Maharashtra of Sangli on the northwest and Sholapur on the north, Sangli on the north-west (both of Maharashtra state).

According to the 2011 census Bijapur district, Karnataka has a population of 2,175,102, roughly equal to the nation of Latvia or the US state of New Mexico.This gives it a ranking of 210th in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 207 inhabitants per square kilometre (540/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.38%. Bijapur has a sex ratio of 954 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 67.2%.Bijapur District has a population of 1,806,918 (2001 census), an increase of 17.63% since the 1991 census. The district is 21.92% urban.

Bijapur is connected by rail and road. There is a non-commercial air port at Solapur (IATA: SSE), some 100 kilometres to the north. The nearest commercial airport, with flights by Indian Airways and Jet Airways, is at Belgaum (IATA: IXG), some 200 kilometres away. The helipad at the Sainik School is used only when government guests or public office bearers visit the district and is not open for general public.Bijapur has a broad gauge station of South Western Railways about two kilometres from the city centre of Bijapur, with direct train connections to Bengaluru, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Hubli, Sholapur and Shirdi.The state owned North West Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation runs buses to all parts of the district. Local buses run within Bijapur city limits as well as villages within a 15 km radius. The frequency of these buses are higher in comparison to those buses which ply on longer routes. Private tour operators also run luxury bus services from the Bijapur city to Bengaluru, Hubli, Dharwad and Belgaum. Within the city Tata Sumo, Tata Indica and Tempo Trax are used as taxis by local operators. Autos and Tongas are still popular mode of local transport in the city. Cycle Rickshaws are used only to transport materials and people hardly ever travel by them.