Bongaigaon is the 2nd largest city of Lower Assam after Guwahati. Bongaigaon acts as the unofficial commercial capital and one of most important cities in Assam. The city is one of the biggest commercial and industrial hubs of North-East India and also of Assam. It is also the 4th largest city of Assam by municipal area & population. Bongaigaon City acts also as the gateway of Northeast Frontier Railway zone with it’s New Bongaigaon Junction railway station, 2nd biggest railway station in Northeast India. The Asian Development Bank selected the city on their urban planning list of cities from other countries of Asia. Bongaigaon is one of the most populated urban agglomerations in west Assam with line of Guwahati, Dibrugarh, Jorhat and Silchar. The City is the administrative headquarters and municipal board of Bongaigaon District.

The city today has evolved to be one of the major commercial and business hubs of the state with growing numbers of shopping malls, restaurants, hotels, residential apartments and educational institutions. The city also serves as the base for tourism to famous places such as the Manas National Park.Centrally located within the state, the city depicts a vibrant Assamese township and culture, making it one of the most preferred places for local people to congregate.

The decision of the government of Assam was taken in 1989, to create a new district of Bongaigaon, carving out some areas of the Goalpara and Kokrajhar District with its headquarters located at Bongaigaon. On 29 September 1989, the creation of Bongaigaon District was declared by the Government of Assam with its headquarters at Bongaigaon. In 2005, Government of Assam declared Bongaigaon town as a city.

The shopping galore can be ideal for a family outing. There are various public markets in the city for the different part of the city, those are mainly Boro Bazaar, (Borpara), Balaji Market (B.O.C Gate), China Market (New Bongaigaon), Tuniapaar Bazaar (near New Bongaigaon railway station), Dhaligaon Bazaar (near Bongaigaon Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited), Chapaguri Hat (near NH-31, Gate of Bongaigaon City), Dangtola Bazaar & Railway Market New Bongaigaon etc.

From the chequered historical background of this district, it can easily be surmised that the entire area was ruled by Kings/Zaminders/Feudal Lords hailing from the Koch-Rajbongshies belonging to Indo-Mongoloid ethnic group of peoples right from the 15th century to the end of princely states in AD 1956. The kings of this area had their hoary past and can be traced back to the “Kiratees” of epic age (Mahabharata fame) that is pre-vedic age. These Kiratees of dimpast are also mentioned in Kalika Purana and Jogingi Tantra and also in histories written both by native and foreign scholars.