Datia District is in Gwalior Division in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The town of Datia is the district headquarters.

It is an ancient town, mentioned in the Mahabharata as Daityavakra. Datia had formerly been a state in the bundelkhand region. The ruling family were Rajputs of the Bundela clan; they descended from a younger son of a former raja of Orchha. The state was administered as part of the Bundelkhand agency of Central India. It lay in the extreme north-west of Bundelkhand, near Gwalior, and was surrounded on all sides by other princely states of Central India, except on the east where it bordered upon the United Provinces.It was second highest in the rank of all the Bundela states after Orchha, with a 15-gun salute, and its Maharajas bore the hereditary title of Second of the Princes of Bundelkhand. The land area of the state was 2130 mi² its population in 1901 was 173,759.

Datia, together with the rest of the Bundelkhand agency, became part of the new state of Vindhya Pradesh in 1950. In 1956, Vindhya Pradesh state was merged with certain other areas to form the state of Madhya Pradesh within the Union of India.

In 2011, Datia had population of 786,754 of which male and female were 420,157 and 366,597 respectively The district has an area of 2,902 km², and a population 627,818 (2001 census). The population of Datia District increased by 26% from 1981 to 1991, and by 22% from 1991 to 2001. The district has 445 villages and 3 towns, Datia, Seondha, and Bhander. Each town is the headquarters of its tehsil.

According to the 2011 census Datia District has a population of 786,754 roughly equal to the nation of Comoros or the US state of South Dakota.This gives it a ranking of 487th in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 271 inhabitants per square kilometre (700/sq mi) with 76% living in rural regions and 24% living in urban areas. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 18.4%.Datia has a sex ratio of 873 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 72.63%.

The main entertainment in Datia is music, dance and wrestling.70% of the economy is based on agriculture.The district is traversed by the West Central Railway line between Delhi and Bhopal.This is also connected by the top cities of India by national highway N75.According to the 2011 census, Datia has 750 primary schools, 500 middle schools and 250 high schools.Traditional games like Kho kho, Gulli Danda, Pittu Garam/Sitoliya, Kabbadi, Wrestling, Cricket and Langdi are popular in Datia.