East Godavari district is a district in Coastal Andhra region of Andhra Pradesh, India. Its district headquarters is at Kakinada. As of Census 2011, it is the most populous district of the state with a population of 5,151,549.Rajahmundry and Kakinada are the two largest cities in the Godavari districts in terms of population.

The district of Rajahmundry was reorganized in 1859 into two districts of Godavari and Krishna. Godavari district was further bifurcated into East and West Godavari districts in 1925.After Nov, 1956’s Andhra Pradesh was formed by combining parts of Naizam, Ceded and Circars, in 1959, the Bhadrachalam revenue division, consisting of Bhadrachalam and Naguru Taluks (2 Talukas in 1959 but later subdivided into Wajedu, Venkatapruram, Cherla, Dummugudem, Bhadrachalam, Nellipaka, Chinturu, Kunavaram, and Vararamachandrapuram mandals) of East Godavari district were merged into the Khammam district.After June, 2014’s reorganization and division of Andhra Pradesh, the mandals of Bhadrachalam (with the exception of Bhadrachalam Temple), Nellipaka, Chinturu, Kunavaram and Vararamchandrapuram were re-added back to East Godavari District.

East Godavari district occupies an area of 10,807 square kilometres (4,173 sq mi), comparatively equivalent to Indonesia’s Sumba Island.The district is bounded on north by Visakhapatnam District, Malkangiri District of Orissa on the northwest by Khammam District, on the east and south by the Bay of Bengal and on the west by West Godavari District. The small enclave (12 sq mi (30 km2)) of the Yanam district of Puducherry state lies within this district.

According to the 2011 census East Godavari district has a population of 51,51,549,roughly equal to the United Arab Emiratesor the US state of Colorado. This gives it a ranking of 19th in India (out of a total of 640) and 2nd in its state.The district has a population density of 477 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,240/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 5.1%.East Godavari has a sex ratio of 1005 females for every 1000 males,and a literacy rate of 71.35%.

The culture of East Godavari district is a rich traditional one in all parts of the district, and reflects the true culture of Andhra Pradesh. It is known for Veda-pandits, the Godavari River and the hospitality of the people. The Telugu language originated in this district (in Rajahmundry or Rajamahendri).East Godavari District has produced several stalwarts in area of culture, music, art and cinema. Poet and writer Devulapalli Krishnasastri, famous Musician and Singer M.Balamuralikrishna (Mangalampalli Balamurali Krishna), P.B. Srinivas, Adurthi Subba Rao, C. Pullaiah, actress Jaya Prada belong to this district. Freedom fighter, social worker and politician Durgabai Deshmukh

The key industries that offer employment and source of livelihood to the people are fisheries, plywood unit, paper mill, sugar factorys, sugar and biofuel plants etc. Being the largest part of the rich Godavari delta, agriculture and aquaculture are major parts of the economy for this district. It is part of a Special Economic Zone and the proposed sectors for investment are chemical, petroleum and petrochemical sectors. With the discoveries of oil and natural gas, it has increased its industrial sector.It is the home of two major fertilizer factories and in addition, gas based power plants and oil refineries. Now it is one of the Largest oil & gas hubs in India.

East Godavari is well connected through Rail, Road, Water and Air. The National Highway 5 connecting Chennai and Howrah passes through this district. Rajahmundry, Tuni and Samalkot are the railway junctions in the district. The Chennai to Howrah rail line also passes through this district. The district has an airport in Rajahmundryat Madhurapudi (which is 10 km from Rajahmundry City Centre and 65 km from Kakinada). There are regular flights from Rajahmundry to Hyderabad, Chennai, Vijayawada, Bengaluru etc. Kakinada has a major sea port which is predicted to be a potentially important port after Chennai, Paradip, Kolkata and Visakhapatnam along the east coast of India.

District has universities located at Rajahmundry City such as Adikavi Nannaya University Rajahmundry, Telugu University, Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University & Petroleum University. There are numerous educational institutes with Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kakinada, District Institute of Education and Training (DIET) in Rajahmundry, established in 1989 for the benefit of teacher trainees and in-service teachers. There are many educational institutions that provide education in different fields such as Engineering, Medical, Law, Pharmacy, Polytechnic and Postgraduate colleges etc. Some of the notable universities, colleges are Rangaraya Medical College in Kakinada, GSKM Law College, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Law, SK College of Nursing, Bonam Venkata Chalamayya Group of Institutions, Kakinada Institute of Engineering & Technology etc. In addition to the above listed, the District has lot of B.Ed colleges, Pharma and intermediate colleges.

East Godavari has many visiting places such as Historical Temples, Natural beauty and Nurseries etc. The historical temples are located at Amalapuram, Annavaram, Antharvedi, Draksharamam, Kotipalli, Pithapuram, Rajahmundry, Samalkota etc. In these temples most of the temples having “Swayam Bhu” status of the lords and having their own “Stala Purana (history of the place)”.

Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary is located about 15 km from Kakinada on Kakinada–Yanam. Kadiapulanka, 20 km from Rajahmundry, is the location of many plant nurseries. Other attractions are Sir Arthur Cotton Museum at Dowleswaram, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary. Eco tourism projects are located at Maredumilli Rampa and Tuni Thalupulamma lova is most popular temple in East Godavari district.