Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Azha are the most famous Muslim festivals in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. If you have to experience the real fun and celebrations of Id, you have to be in Kashmir where the dominant population is of Muslims. Although, the festival is also celebrated in part of Jammu as well. Eid-ul-Fitr marks the end of fasting month of Ramadan. During this day, instead of five-time namaz, people have to offer namaz six times. The day is very auspicious for all Muslims, they wear new clothes and attend many grand feasts. Eid-ul-Azha is equally important festival, which is more prominent for the Qurbani (sacrifice). People sacrifice goats, sheep and some even Camels.
Eid is celebrated on the first day of Shaw’waal which is the 10th month of the Islamic calender. On this day Muslims show their real joy for the health, strength and the opportunities of life, which Allah has given to them to fulfill their obligation of fasting and other good deeds during the blessed month of Ramadan. Eid is a Day of Remembrance when The Muslims pray to Allah and glorify His name to demonstrate their remembrance of His favours. Eid is a Day of Forgiveness When Muslims assemble in the congregation of the Day, they whole-heartedly pray for forgiveness and strength in faith. Eid is a Day of peace as a Muslim is obliged to establishes peace within his heart by obeying the Law of Allah and leading a disciplinary life.
On this day Muslims show their real joy for the health, strength and the opportunities of life, which Allah has given to them to fulfill their obligation of fasting and other good deeds during the blessed month of Ramadan.
The first Eid was celebrated in 624 CE by the Prophet Muhammad with his friends and relatives after the victory of the battle of Jang-e-Badar. There is also the opinion that ‘Eid-ul-Fitr is a unique festival and it has no connection with any historical event nor is it related to the changes of seasons or cycles of agriculture. It is not a festival related in any way to worldly affairs’.
A very important aspect of Eid is the charity, which all the Muslims are expected to extend to the needy. Earlier, this was in the form of gifts in kind but now cash is given to the needy. Charity is based on the concept of fraternity. If Allah had given you more than enough, it is to be given to your fellow beings who lacks the essentials to live.
The first Eid of the year is known as As the third “pillar” or religious obligation of Islam, fasting has many special benefits. Among these, the most important is that it is a means of learning self-control. By fasting one can be more closer to Allah by giving his body giving only a second place to his/her bodily pleasures and needs. The secondary objective of fasting is a way of experiencing hunger and developing compassion for the less fortunate, and learn to be thankful and appreciative for all of God’s bounties. Fasting is also advantageous to the health and provides a break in the cycle of rigid habits.
Eid is a day of thanksgiving. Muslims express their gratitude to Allah for the health, strength and opportunities of life. It is considered unholy to fast on this day. It is also a day of forgetting old grudges and ill feelings towards other fellow men.
Eid is celebrated elaborately among Muslims all over the world. Special prayers are offered in Mosques, everyone wears nicest clothing and attend Salatul-Eid, the Eid prayer in the morning, people visit each other’s homes and partake in festive meals with special dishes, beverages, and desserts. People exchange gifts and sweets on this happy occasion. In addition, like the pilgrims in Makkah, the Muslims, who can afford to do so, offer domestic animals, usually sheep, as a symbol of Ibrahim’s sacrifice. The meat is distributed for consumption to family, friends, and to the poor and needy.
The conception of Eid in Islam is not confined only to celebration extravagance, luxurious feasts, friendly handshakes and embraces. The Muslims should rather devote this day to the worship of God and should beseech Him to approve their virtuous deeds and forgive their sins. This is because the doors of God’s pardon are kept open this day and His Blessings are bountiful.