Faridabad is the largest city in the north Indian state of Haryana in Faridabad district. It is a leading industrial centre and situated in the National Capital Region bordering the Indian capital New Delhi. It is surrounded by Delhi to its North, Noida to its North East, Greater Noida to its East and Gurgaon to its West. The river Yamuna forms the eastern district boundary with Uttar Pradesh. Government of India included it the second list of Smart Cities Mission on 24 May 2016.
The newly developed residential and industrial part of Faridabad (Sec. 66 to 89) between the Agra Canal and the Yamuna River is commonly referred as Greater Faridabad. The area is being developed as a self-sustained sub-city with wide roads, tall buildings, malls, educational institutions, and health and commercial centres. Sectors 66 to 74 are Industrial Sectors whereas Sectors 75 to 89 are Residential Sectors.
The Delhi-Agra National Highway No.2 (Sher Shah Suri Marg) passes through the centre of the Faridabad district. The city has many railway stations on the Delhi-Mathura double track broad-gauge line of the North Central Railway. The railway stations of Old Faridabad and Faridabad New Town are the major ones.
Faridabad is also a major industrial hub of Haryana. 50% of the income tax collected in Haryana is from Faridabad and Gurgaon. Faridabad is famous for henna production from the agricultural sector, while tractors, motorcycles, switch gears, refrigerators, shoes and tyres constitute its primary industrial products.
Seeking to protect the Grand Trunk Road (now National Highway 2), Farid, the treasurer of Mughal Emperor Jahangir, founded the city in 1607 AD, building a fort and a mosque. A pargana was later centred on Faridabad, which the ruler of Ballabgarh held as a jagir.
The Indian Air Force (IAF) operates Raja Nahar Singh Base as a logistics base in Faridabad. The resident unit is No.56 Air Storage Park as well as the Air Force Guard Dog Training Unit. The IAF Base is commanded by a Group Captain of the Logistics Branch. Formerly, a SA-2 SAM Squadron was also based in Faridabad. Although there is no army organisation in the city, there are many retired army officers settled here.
The Faridabad Small Industries Association claims that Faridabad and Gurgaon districts account for almost 56% of the income tax collected in Haryana. Faridabad has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi’s flagship Smart Cities Mission.
The cricket stadium in the city is Nahar Singh Stadium has a seating capacity of approx. 25,000 and has hosted 8 international cricket matches and a league cricket match between Mumbai Heroes and Bhojpuri Dabbang of Celebrity Cricket League.
Faridabad has a large number of private schools. Schools like Delhi Public School, Manav Rachna International School, Apeejay School and Modern Vidya Niketan, Sector 17 are among the top 10 schools in the city. and Hindustan Times – C fore Top Schools Survey. Schools in Faridabad are affiliated either with the All-India Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) or the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) boards. The language of instruction is English or Hindi. Besides these there are many government run public schools which are administered by Haryana Board of School Education. There are also three Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan schools in the city which are affiliated to Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) and are run by central government.