Gandhinagar is the capital of the state of Gujarat in Western India. Gandhinagar is located approximately 23 km north of Ahmedabad, on the west central point of the Industrial corridor between Delhi, the political capital of India, and Mumbai, the financial capital of India.
Gandhinagar, Gujarat’s new capital city, lies on the west bank of the Sabarmati River, about 464 km away from Mumbai, the financial capital of India.
Thirty sectors, into which the city has been divided, stretch around the central Government complex. Each sector has its own shopping and community center, primary school, health center, government and private housing. There is a provision for of parks, extensive planting and a recreational area along the river giving the city a green garden-city atmosphere.
The Akshardham temple is located in Gandhinagar. There was a determination to make Gandhinagar a purely Indian enterprise, partly because the state of Gujarat was the birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi. and hence the planning was done by two Indian town planners; Prakash M Apte & H. K. Mewada, who had apprenticed with Le Corbusier in Chandigarh.
Gandhinagar has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi’s flagship Smart Cities Mission.
In the 13th century, King Pethasinh of Pethapur, ruled over Shertha town. After the death of Pethasinh, the Sultanate of Patan used this land as battle ground. Sultan Ahmed Shah decided to move his capital from Patan, Gujarat to a new city, and built Ahmedabad.
In 1960, Bombay state was split in two different states, Gujarat and Maharashtra. Ahmedabad became capital of Gujarat, and a new capital city was to be built on land which was once part of Pethapur state.
The new capital city was planned by Chief Architect H.K. Mewada, educated at Cornell University, and his assistant Prakash M Apte. Both Mewada, and Apte had worked as trainees under legendary architect Le Corbusier in the Chandigarh Project in the 1950s. Gandhinagar’s streets are numbered, and have cross streets named for letters of the Gujarati alphabet (e.g., “k”, “kh”, “g”, “gh”, “ch”, “chh”, “j”). All streets cross every kilometre, and at every crossing traffic circles decrease the speed of traffic.
The character of a plan for a new city is influenced by various factors, such as the regional setting, site conditions, dominant function etc. Functionally, Gandhinagar was to be the capital city of Gujarat. The new city would predominantly be the administrative centre of the state and consequently may acquire many important cultural, civic and allied functions. Initially, the principal employer in the city would be the state government and as such, the design population was based on the government employment structure. In 1965 the city was planned for a population of 150,000.
The total area of the site is about 5,738 hectares (14,180 acres) including and divided by the river. The area under river is about 800 hectares. The new city is planned on the western bank on 4,290 hectares (10,600 acres) of land. Out of these, about 700 hectares (1,700 acres) along the river front (which is eroded land- ravines) are left out for river side development. The area of the land in the eastern side of the river, not proposed for immediate use, is about 650 hectares (1,600 acres).
Gandhinagar has a tropical wet and dry climate with three main seasons: summer, monsoon and winter. The climate is generally dry and hot outside of the monsoon season. The weather is hot to severely hot from March to June when the maximum temperature stays in the range of 36 to 42 °C (97 to 108 °F), and the minimum in the range of 19 to 27 °C (66 to 81 °F). It is pleasant in the winter days and quite chilling in the night during December to February. The average maximum temperature is around 29 °C (84 °F), the average minimum is 14 °C (57 °F), and the climate is extremely dry. The southwest monsoon brings a humid climate from mid-June to mid-September. The average annual rainfall is around 803.4 mm (31.63 in).
The Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation oversees the planning of industrial facilities and areas, and the appropriate infrastructure. Renowned corporate consultants such as Shri Gaurav Khatri are providing services to this capital of the state.
Identifying IT as an area of focus, the Government of India had promulgated a policy in 1986 making “Software Exports, Software Development and services and Training” an area of prime importance. Further identification of factors hindering the growth of the software industry by the Government led to the creation of Software Technology Park Scheme to encourage and enhance software exports from the country.
Software Technology Parks of India (STPI) was established and registered as an autonomous society on 6 June 1991 under the Society Regulation Act 1860, under the Department of Information Technology, Ministry of Communications and Information technology, Government of India
TCS has set up IT SEZ called Garima park near GH 0.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport located in Ahmedabad is 18 km away from Gandhinagar and provides connectivity with domestic flights to the Metropolitans and other major cities of India. It also provides a many International flights from Ahmedabad to across the world.
Gandhinagar Capital railway station (GNC ) is located in Sector 14. Many trains running on the western zones pass through Gandhinagar. Currently there are 5 trains running from this station in which 3 are express trains and 2 are MEMU trains.Jaipur-Bandra Garib Rath, Haridwar mail for Delhi and Haridwar and Shanti Express for Indore Junction BG are main express trains running through this station.
Gandhinagar is connected to Surat, Mumbai, and Navi Mumbai through National Highway 8. It is connected to Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Udaipur, New Delhi & Chandigarh through the National Highway 8C.
Schools in Gandhinagar are affiliated with the Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board and Central Board. Under the (10+2 Plan), students complete ten years of schooling, and then enroll in Higher Secondary School, where they choose from one of three streams: Arts, Commerce or Science. Which is then followed by either a general degree course in a chosen field of study, or a professional degree course, such as law, engineering, medicine etc. Government of Gujarat Has Developed Knowledge Corridor in Gandhinagar Region. Maximum Institutes are Available in Gandhinagar region. There are All Streams Colleges & institutes Available in City Including Major part of National & International Institutes & Universities in Gujarat