Gorakhpur district is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in India. Gorakhpur is the one of the major and largest districts of Uttar Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of the district.

The district was ceded by the Nawab of Awadh to the British East India Company in 1801.

Gorakhpur district lies between latitude 26°46´N and longitude 83°22´E. The district covers an area of 7,483.8 square kilometres (2,889.5 sq mi). It is bounded by Maharajganj district to the north, Kushinagar and Deoria districts in the east, (Rajesultanpur) Ambedkar Nagar, Azamgarh, and Mau districts to the south, and Sant Kabir Nagar district to the west. The district is part of Gorakhpur division.

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Gorakhpur one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).

According to the 2011 census Gorakhpur district has a population of 4,436,275, roughly equal to the nation of Croatia or the US state of Kentucky.This gives it a ranking of 40th in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 1,336 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,460/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.69%.Gorakhpur has a sex ratio of 944 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 73.25%.

Vernaculars spoken in Gorakhpur include the Hindi language with almost 4,000,000 speakers, and Bhojpuri, written in the Devanagari scripts.