Guntur is a city in the Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipal corporation and the administrative headquarters of Guntur district.It is also the mandal headquarters of Guntur mandal of Guntur revenue division.It is the second largest city by area and third most populous in the state, with a population of 743,354, and an urban agglomeration population of 1,028,667.

The city is part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region and Vishakhapatnam-Guntur Industrial Region, a major industrial corridor in India.It is renowned for education, business, e-commerce industry, and agriculture.The city exports chilli pepper, cotton and tobacco and also it is the largest producer of chilies in India.

The earliest reference to Guntur was during the period of Ammaraja–I (922-929 CE), the Vengi Eastern Chalukyan King. It also has its appearance in another two inscriptions dated 1147 A.D and 1158 A.D. In Sanskrit, the name of Guntur was referred as Garthapuri, which translates to Tank Village during the French occupation.

The earliest recorded reference of Guntur comes from the Idern plates of Ammaraja I (922–929 CE), the Vengi Chalukyan king.French astronomer, Pierre Janssen observed the Solar eclipse of 18 August 1868 and discovered helium, from Guntur in Madras State, British India.The inscriptions stones in the Agastyeshwara temple in ‘Naga Lipi’ (an ancient script) dates back to about 1100 CE. It is considered one of the most famous temples in the city. It is said that Agastya built the temple in the last Treta Yuga around the swayambhu linga and hence it has this name. The ‘Nagas’ were said to have ruled the region at that time. The region has been historically known for Buddhism and the first Kalachakra ceremony performed by Gautama Buddha himself.The place of Sitanagaram and the Guttikonda caves are referred in the ancient texts (Vedic puranas) going back to the Treta Yuga and Dwapara Yuga (Traditional time scale: 1.7 to 0.5 million years ago, Ref).

Guntur Plains: Guntur is located at 16.29°N 80.43°E.It has an average elevation of 33 m (108 ft) and is situated on the plains. There are a few hills in the surrounding suburban areas. The city is located around 40 miles (64 km) to the west of the Bay of Bengal on the east coast of India. The Krishna delta lies partly in the Guntur district. There are other smaller rivers and channels in the region such as Guntur Channel, Chandravanka, Naagileru, Guntur Branch Canal etc.

In the 1961 census, Guntur had a population of 187,122 and increased to 516,461 in 2001, which shows a considerable growth during the last 5 decades. As of 2011 census, the city had a population of 651,382. It then increased to 7,43,354 after expansion, constituting 371,727 males and 3,71,612 females —a sex ratio of approximately 1000 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.The urban agglomeration of the city is projected to have a population of approximately, 1,028,667.

The city residents are referred as Gunturians.The lifestyle of the city has a mixture of both urban and rural with some cosmopolitan element. Guntur’s residents wear both Indian style and Western style clothing. The common traditional clothing for women is a Saree, Salwar and for men formally, a Dhoti.The culture is vibrant with many festivals (that have been celebrated over thousands of years). Those festivals observed in Guntur with great pomp and splendour are: Deepavali, Krishna-Ashtami, Rama Navami, Sankranti, Sivaratri, Ugadi, Vijaya Dasami, Vinayaka-Chaviti, Ekadasi, Karthika Purnima. Also, noticeable are festivals of Muslims and Christians including Christmas, Eid ul-Fitr, Eid ul-Juha. The 30th International Kalachakra festival was held at Amaravati near Guntur.

Guntur has many schools, colleges and universities. There are a number of graduate schools, colleges, and high schools providing basic and higher education in the fields of agricultural, arts, bio-med, engineering, management, medical, nursing, pharmaceutical, sciences, technology etc. Universities in and around the city are Acharya Nagarjuna University, K L University, Vignan University, Vedic University at Sitanagaram which specializes in the teaching of Vedic Sciences, other related philosophies, and the Vedanta.

Medical colleges and universities are Guntur Medical College, NRI Academy of Medical Sciences, KMC. Engineering colleges include, Guntur Engineering College, Loyola Institute of Technology and Management, Vasireddy Venkatadri Institute of Technology, RVR & JC College of Engineering. Some other notable colleges are, Andhra-Christian College, Hindu College, Andhra Muslim College, JKC College.

The city has hosted several national and international level sporting events for various sports. Some of major sports include, Cricket, Kabbadi, Volleyball, Basketball, Tennis, Badminton and Table Tennis. It is one of the places in India to host the International Grandmaster Chess tournaments. Certain sports stadiums in and around the city include, Brahmananda Reddy Stadium, Prakasam Stadium, NTR Stadium, Krishna Cricket Academy, ACA Women Cricket Academy.