Harda

Harda is a City and a municipality in Harda district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. Harda is the administrative headquarters of Harda District.

During the Mughal period, Harda was a mahal in the Handia sarkar. In 1742, Marathas led by Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao captured the area, and displaced the Muslim governor of the Handia sarkar. Subsequently, Harda replaced Handia as the most important town in the area, as the local Maratha amil (chief) resided at Harda. Harda was a part of the Scindia’s territories. In 1801, Yashwantrao Holkar sacked Harda. Later, Harda also faced attacks from the Pindaris and the Korku tribals.

In 1817, during the Third Anglo-Maratha War, Harda became the headquarters of John Malcolm’s division. Even after the Maratha defeat ini the war, the Scindias retained control of the Harda-Handia tract. The area was ceded to the British in 1844, but the cession was completed only in 1860. The town saw disturbances during the 1857 uprising. The Deputy Magistrate, Maulvi Mazhar-ul-Jamil, helped curb the rebellion, and was rewarded with a jagir in the Damoh district. The Harda Nagar Palika was established on 18 May 1867, and the Harda tehsil was created in 1913

On 18 May 1867 British established the ‘Nagar Palika’ in Harda and from 1920 the work was done as per the republic manner. The under ground drainage in Harda is best example of the British architect. For administration purposes Tahsil Harda was established in the year 1913.

In 1916, Lokamanya Tilak visited Harda for an Indian National Congress meet. On 8 December 1933, Mahatma Gandhi visited Harda for the Harijan welfare.

Guru Radha Kishan was born in 1925 in Bid village of Harda district. Madhya Pradesh’s Chief Minister Prakash Chandra Sethi once requested him to accept the Freedom Fighter pension which he refused. He did not want to accept any favour for his participation in the freedom struggle of India. On 15 August 1947, S.D.O Shri Beretha hosted the Indian flag on the police station of Harda.

As of 2001 India census, Harda had a population of 61,712. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 49%. Harda has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 67%. In Harda, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.