Jabalpur is a tier 2 city in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. According to the 2011 census, it is the third-largest urban agglomeration in Madhya Pradesh and the country’s 37th-largest urban agglomeration.
Jabalpur is the administrative headquarters of Jabalpur district (the second-most-populous district in Madhya Pradesh) and the Jabalpur division. Historically, a centre of the Kalchuri and Gond dynasties, the city developed a syncretic culture influenced by intermittent Mughal and Maratha rule. During the early nineteenth century, it was annexed by British India as Jubbulpore and incorporated as a cantonment town. Since Indian independence there have been demands for a separate state of Mahakoshal, with Jabalpur its capital. The High Court of Madhya Pradesh, headquarters of the West Central Railway and Army headquarters of five states (Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Orissa, Bihar and Jharkhand) are located in Jabalpur. The city is also home to the Gun Carriage Factory.
Jabalpur has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under Smart Cities Mission.
The city’s name is derived from the legendary sage Jaabaali, who is mentioned in the Ramayana, and may refer to Jaabaali’s tapasya-bhoomi (place of penance). According to Bhedaghat folklore, a small cave on the bank of the Narmada River was Jaabaali’s ashram. Variations of the name include Jabalipuram and Jubbulgarh, and under British rule the city was known as Jubbulpore. In 2006, the Jabalpur Municipal Corporation renamed the city Jabalipuram.
Jabalpur is a division headquarters for eight districts: Jabalpur, Seoni, Mandla, Chhindwara, Narsinghpur, Katni, Dindori and Balaghat. The district, which was reconstituted on 25 May 1998, has four tehsils: Jabalpur, Sihora, Patan and Kundam. The city is the headquarters of the Madhya Pradesh State Electricity Board, the Homeguards and other state and central-government offices.