Jaisalmer

Jaisalmer District , is a district of Rajasthan state in western India. The city of Jaisalmer is the administrative headquarters of the district.As of 2011 it is the least populous district of Rajasthan (out of 33).

It is the largest district of Rajasthan and third largest in the country in area.Jaisalmer District lies in the Thar Desert, which straddles the border of India and Pakistan. It is bounded on the northeast by Bikaner District, on the east by Jodhpur District, on the south by Barmer District, and on the west and north by Pakistan.

The district is located within a rectangle lying between 26°.4’ –28°.23′ North parallel and 69°.20′-72°.42′ east meridians.The length of international border attached to the district is 464 km.

Jaisalmer is almost entirely a sandy waste, forming a part of the great Indian desert. The general aspect of the area is that of an interminable sea of sandhills, of all shapes and sizes, some rising to a height of 150 ft. Those in the west are covered with log bushes, those in the east with tufts of long grass. Water is scarce, and generally brackish; the average depth of the wells is said to be about 250 ft. There are no perennial streams, and only one small river, the Kakni, which, after flowing a distance of 28 m., spreads over a large surface of flat ground, and forms a lake orjhil called the Bhuj-Jhil. The climate is dry and healthy. Throughout Jaisalmer only raincrops, such as bajra, joar, motif, til, etc., are grown; spring crops of wheat, barley, etc., are very rare. Owing to the scant rainfall, irrigation is almost unknown.

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Jaisalmer one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).It is one of the twelve districts in Rajasthan currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).

According to the 2011 census Jaisalmer district has a population of 672,008, roughly equal to the nation of Equatorial Guinea or the US state of North Dakota.This gives it a ranking of 508th in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 17 inhabitants per square kilometre (44/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 32.22%.Jaisalmer has a sex ratio of 849 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 58.04%.