Jajpur is a district of Odisha, India, and an historic place of pilgrimage. As Jajpur was once the capital of the Kalinga kingdom, it is now an area of archeological wealth, including the famous Saktipitha of the Goddess Biraja, as well as the shrines of the Goddess Biraja (Durga), Jangya Baraha (incarnation of Lord Vishnu as the white boar), Sapta Matruka, and a host of other religious figures, all located along the bank of the River Baitarani. Ashokajhar, Chandikhol, Chhatia, Gokarnika, Kuansa Mangala, Mahavinayak, Patharajpur, Ratnagiri, Udayagiri, Satyapira, Singhapur, Vyas Sarobar, and Baruneswar Pitha are some of the destinations that attract tourists to the district, and the region’s various natural resources support mines and industries.

The district is 2,888 square kilometres (1,115 sq mi) in area, of which 202 square kilometres (78 sq mi) is forested. The population is 1, 622,868 and the literacy rate is 72.19%. The district headquarters is at Jajpur. The district is home to some 1,781 villages and two major towns. Annual rainfall is 1,771.8 millimetres (69.76 in).

According to the 2011 census Jajpur district has a population of 1,826,275, roughly equal to the nation of Kosovo or the US state of Nebraska.This gives it a ranking of 261st in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 630 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,600/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 12.43%.Jajapur has a sex ratio of 972 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 80.44%.