Jallianwala Bagh is a public garden in Amritsar in the Punjab state of India, and houses a memorial of national importance, established in 1951 by the Government of India, to commemorate the massacre of peaceful celebrators including unarmed women and children by British occupying forces, on the occasion of the Punjabi New Year on April 13, 1919 in the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. Colonial British Raj sources identified 379 fatalities and estimated about 1100 wounded.Civil Surgeon Dr. Smith indicated that there were 1,526 casualties.The true figures of fatalities are unknown, but are likely to be many times higher than the official figure of 379.The 6.5-acre (26,000 m2) garden site of the massacre is located in the vicinity of Golden Temple complex, the holiest shrine of Sikhism.The memorial is managed by the Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Trust, which was established as per the Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Act, Act No. 25 of 1 May 1951 (in English). Retrieved on 10 August 2016.

The Jallianwala Bagh is a symbol of the freedom struggle. Steps were taken to address the grief and loss of people by building up a trust in 1920 by the Indian National Congress. A monument to symbolize the sacrifices of innocent Indians killed in the massacre was built and was open to public in 1961, after an inauguration by the then President of India Dr. Rajendra Prasad, exactly 42 years after the date of the tragedy. The memorial was designed by Mr. Benjamin Polk, an American architect. A lantern made of stone is lit on all four sides of the monument with words of homage encrypted to salute the sacrifice of the martyrs. Jallianwala Bagh is originally a big garden covered by tall concrete walls on all the four sides, with very few narrow entrances. The garden is surrounded by residential houses and buildings on all the sides. Before the tragedy of the massacre, it was an ordinary space with boundary walls.

Jallianwala Bagh is situated in the city of Amritsar. It is a prominent city of the northern state of Punjab in India. The city is also home to the Golden Temple, a significant Sikh place of worship.

The monument in the garden is open for the public to view and visit. People can visit the garden on all seven days of the week. The timings of the visits are from 6:00 am to 9:00 pm in the summer and 7:00 am to 8:00 pm in the winter.