Jamshedpur is the most populous urban agglomeration in the Indian state of Jharkhand.
Jamshedpur is the headquarters of the East Singhbhum district of Jharkhand. According to the 2011 census of India, East Singhbhum (Jamshedpur & Seraikela-Kharsawan) district has current population of 1,337,131; the Jamshedpur urban agglomeration (UA), which includes the adjoining areas, Jamshedpur Urban Area is the third Largest place in Eastern India .It is also the first planned industrial city of India. It is located on the Chota Nagpur plateau and is surrounded by the picturesque Dalma Hills. The city is bordered by the rivers Subarnarekha and Kharkai on the north and west parts of the city.
Jamshedpur has been predicted as the 84th fastest growing city in the world for the timeframe 2006–2020 with average annual growth of 2.59%.
In 1919 Lord Chelmsford named the city, which was early a village called Sakchi, to Jamshedpur in honour of its founder, Jamsetji Tata, whose birthday is celebrated on 3 March as Founder’s Day. J. N. Tata had written to his son Dorabji Tata about his vision of a great city in the area. On Founders Day, the 225-acre (0.91 km2) Jubilee Park is decorated with brilliant lightwork for about a week.
The city has several nicknames, including “Industrial capital of Jharkhand” (spontaneous among native youngsters); “Steel City” (which was referenced during Tata Steel’s “Green City—Clean City—Steel City” campaign); “Tatanagar” after the name of its railway station or simply “Tata” in deference to the presence of Tata companies. At one time it was also known as “Kalimati” (meaning “Land of Goddess Kali”) after the village near the Sakchi area. Sakchi was renamed to Jamshedpur in 1919. The only trace of the name is the main road through Sakchi area of Jamshedpur which is named Kalimati Road.
Jamshedpur features a tropical wet and dry climate (Köppen: Aw). Summers start in mid-March and can be extremely hot in May and June. The temperature variation during summer is from 35 to 49 °C (95 to 120 °F). The minimum temperature during winters is 1 °C (34 °F). The climate of Jamshedpur is marked by south-west monsoon. Jamshedpur gets heavy rainfall from July to September and receives about 1,200 mm (47 in) of rainfall annually.
At the 2011 census of India, Jamshedpur city proper had a population of 9,25,623, but the Jamshedpur Urban Agglomeration had a population of 17,37,131. The city is designated as a Million Plus Urban Agglomeration as per Government terminology. Males constitute 52.1% of the population and females 47.9%. Tribals constitute around 28% of the population. Jamshedpur has an average literacy rate of 88.94% – higher than the national average of 74%. In Jamshedpur, 11.5% of the population is under six years of age.
Tatanagar Junction is a railway junction and a model station on the Chakradharpur division, of the South Eastern Railway.
Jamshedpur is connected to other parts of India through national and state highways.
Sonari Airport is a tiny airport serving the city at present. It is spread over a 25-acre area in the Sonari area of the city. The airport is primarily used for bringing in chartered planes of TATA group.
Tata Steel had in proposed to set up a 600-acre (2.4 km2) Greenfield airport on the outskirts of Jamshedpur in Adityapur-Seraikela region. In June 2011 Tata Steel and TRIL entered formally into a joint venture for building the airport. The new airport will be of international standard with a 10,000 ft runway, it will have the capacity to allow commercial airliners such as the Airbus A320 to land and take off which was not possible from the present airport. As of Dec 2012, Land acquisition process has started for the Airport. Out of 528 acres of required land 90% is owned by Govt. whereas rest is private land. The company is at present facing opposition in the acquisition process from the local villagers.
The National Metallurgical Laboratory (NML), one of the 38 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) laboratories, was inaugurated on 26 November 1950 by Jawaharlal Nehru.
Shavak Nanavati Technical Institute (SNTI), established in 1921 as the technical training department of Tata Steel, now develops skilled employees for other companies as well. Its 400,000 volume library is one of the most popular in the city.
English, Hindi, and Urdu newspapers are published from the city, including Dainik Jagran, Qaumi Tanzeem, Aalami Sahara, The Telegraph, Dainik Bhaskar, Hindustan, Prabhat Khabar and The Avenue Mail.