Jhabua is a town and a municipality in Jhabua district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of Jhabua District.

Jhabua was the capital of a princely state of the British Raj’s Central India, in the Bhopawar agency. Its area, with the dependency of Rutanmal, was approx 1,776 square miles (4,600 km2). The Rajas of Jhabua belonged to the Rathor dynasty.

The ancestor of the family was Rao Bar Singh a.k.a. the Birji, fifth son of Rao Jodh of Marwar. His descendant, Kunwar Kesho Das or Kishan Das, founded Jhabua in 1584.

Raja Kesho Das was first Raja of Jhabua 1584/1607. He was granted the title of Raja by the Emperor of Delhi, as a reward for a successful campaign in Bengal, and for punishing the Bhil chiefs of Jhabua who had murdered an Imperial Viceroy of Gujarat.

Jhabua has an average elevation of 318 metres (1043 feet).

As of 2001 India census, Jhabua had a population of 30,577. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. As per 2011 census, Jhabua has an average literacy rate of 44%. Male literacy is at 54% and female literacy is 34%. In Jhabua, 20% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Jhabua city is famous for its black cotton soil commonly known as “White Gold”. There are many interesting places in Jhabua Thasil.

There is one government college SCAMV which imparts post graduate education. English schools are Kendriya Vidyalaya, New Catholic Mission Tribal School, Jain Public School, Keshav International School, Indore Public School and Oxford Eminent Academy School.

The Tehsil of Jhabua i.e. Thandla has developed very fast with many functional industries. It has given employment to people residing in nearby villages.