Jodhpur District is a district in the State of Rajasthan in western India. The city of Jodhpur is the administrative headquarters of the district.As of the 2011 census, it is the second highest populated district of Rajasthan (out of 33), after Jaipur district.

Jodhpur is the historic center of the Marwar region. The district contains Mandore, the ancient capital of the Pratihara Rajput kings (6th-13th centuries), and the Pratiharas’ temple city of Osiyan. Jodhpur was founded in the 15th century by Rao Jodha, and served as the capital of the kingdom of Marwar under the Rathore Rajput dynasty until after Indian Independence in 1947.

The district is located in the State of Rajasthan in western India. The district is bounded on the north by Bikaner District, on the northeast by Nagaur District, on the southeast and south by Ajmer District, on the southwest by Pali District, and on the west and northwest by Jaisalmer District.

The district stretches between 26 00’ and 27 37’ north latitude and between 72 55’ and 73 52’east longitude. This district is situated at an altitude between 250 to 300 meters above sea level.

Jodhpur is famous for its rich history. It is also referred to as the Blue City and “Sun City”. Blue City is derived due to the blue tinge to the whitewashed houses around the Mehrangarh Fort. Other notable places of interest are the Umaid Bhawan Palace which a portion currently serves as the residence of the current Maharaja Gaj Singh’s family and the remaining portion is a 5 star hotel under the Taj Group of Hotels.

According to the 2011 census Jodhpur district has a population of 3,685,681, roughly equal to the nation of Liberia or the US state of Oklahoma.This gives it a ranking of 73rd in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 161 inhabitants per square kilometre (420/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 27.69%.Jodhpur has a sex ratio of 915 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 67.09%.