Kamrup district also Kamrup rural district is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India formed by bifurcating old Kamrup district into two in the year 2003; other being Kamrup Metropolitan district, named after region it constitute. The district, along with Nalbari and Barpeta together form the Kamrup region, has Kamrupi culture and language.

Kamrup Rural district created by bifurcating Old Kamrup district in 2003.

The staple crop of the district is rice, of which there are three crops. The indigenous manufactures are confined to the weaving of silk and cotton cloths for home use, and to the making of brass cups and plates. The chief exports are rice, oil seeds, timber and cotton; the imports are fine rice, salt, piece goods, sugar, betel nuts, coconuts and hardware. A section of the Assam-Bengal railway starts from Guwahati, and a branch of the Eastern Bengal railway has recently been opened to the opposite bank of the river. A metalled road runs due south from Guwahati to Shillong.

According to the 2011 census Kamrup district has a population of 1,517,202, roughly equal to the West African country of Gabon or the US state of Hawaii. This gives it a ranking of 327th in India (out of a total of 640) The district has a population density of 436 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,130/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 15.67%. Kamrup has a sex ratio of 946 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 72.81%.

The district has followers of Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism and Animism. The ancient temples of Kamakhya and Hajo attracts many pilgrims from all quarters. The people of Kamrup also donated a sacred Arya AvalokiteŇõvara statue to Stakna Monastery in Ladakh.

Major language spoken natively is Kamrupi with pockets of Amri, a Tibeto-Burman language related with Karbi, with 1,25,000 speakers; Tiwa (Lalung) and A’Tong, also Tibeto-Burman spoken by 10,000 people, found mostly in southern parts bordering Meghalaya.