Karauli

Karauli District is a district of Rajasthan state in western India. The town of Karauli is the district headquarters. Karauli is famous for popular red-stone.The population of the district is 1,458,248 (2011 census), indicating a population density is 264 persons per km².

The district of Karauli encompasses an area of 5043 km². It is bordered by Dholpur District to the east; by Bharatpur District to the north-east; by Dausa District to the north; and by Sawai Madhopur District to the west.

The Chambal River forms the south-eastern boundary of the district, 5 km from Mandrayal across which lies the state of Madhya Pradesh. While almost the entire district is covered by hills and ravines, there are no lofty peaks, the highest having an elevation of less than 1400 feet above sea-level.Good grade stone and some iron ore comprise the mineral resources of the area.

Karauli is famous for its geographical specialities and having full of natural beauty and covered by Vindhyanchal and Aravali mountains. District is having all sorts of plain, high& low and hilly parts. Plains are very fertile and clay is very light in weight and sandy. There are many local rivers in the district Annual rain fall is 668.86 mm. about 35 days in a year. Maximum temperature is 49° Celsius in the month of May and 2° Celsius in the month of January.

Karauli is one of the holiest city of India as there are more than 300 temples. According to the Ancient history, region of Karauli was under Matsya Kingdom before 11th century. It is to be highly noted that Raja Bijai Pal a Jadon Rajput founded the modern princely state Karauli in 995. The local legends and Hindu scholars believe that he was the 88th in descent of Lord Krishna.

On the other hand, historians and scholars cite that it was Maharaja Arjun Dev Yadav who founded the princely state of Karauli in 1348. It is to be remembered that till 19th century, Karauli was an independent principality. In 1818, this region came under the direct rule of the Rajputana Agency.

Sand stone, Missionary Stone, Silica sand, Soapstone, White clay are the major Minerals found in this district.About 200 small units are using sand stone for cutting & polishing of stones to be used in building making.

The forest cover an area of 172459 hectare in 2010-11 which is about 30% of total geographical area of the district 504301 hectares. As per the records of 2011-12 total 895–2 m.m. rain fall was recorded against 565 mm. average rain fall.