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Karbi Anglong district (Karbi: Karbi Anglong) is one of the 27 administrative districts of Assam state in Northeastern India. The district is bounded by Golaghat district on the east, Morigaon district on the west, Nagaon and Golaghat districts on the north and Dima Hasao district and Nagaland state on the south. The district is located between 25º 33′ and 26º 35′ North latitude and from 92º 10′ to 93º 50′ East longitude. Diphu is the administrative headquarter of the district.
Karbi are a tribe living in Assam. Anglong is a Karbi noun word for Hill(s), (it also refer to Mountain(s), both the noun share the same word). Literally Karbi Anglong means Hills of Karbi people.
During the pre-British rule the territory was part of the Dimasa Kingdom till the demise of Sengya Tularam Hasnu in AD 1854. After his death it went into the hands of the British under which it was declared a ‘Scheduled District’ constituted in 1874. Later, Mikir Hills tract was constituted as “Partially Excluded areas” under the Govt. of India Act, 1935. On November 17, 1951 a new district, the United Mikir Hills and North Cachar Hills district was created by combining some parts of the districts of Sibsagar (now Golaghat), Nagaon, Cachar and United Khasi and Jayantia Hills district of present-day Meghalaya state. This was followed by bifurcation of the erstwhile district of United Mikir and North Cachar Hills district into two separate districts — Mikir Hills district and North Cachar Hills district — on 2 February 1970. Mikir Hills district was renamed as Karbi Anglong district on 14 October 1976.
In 2016, the district was divided into two, the western part including Hamren, Baithalangso and Donkamokam and other adjoining areas forming the new district of West Karbi Anglong. Hamren is made the headquarter of the newly created district.
Karbi anglong district has a rich[vague] culture. From ancient age the Karbi people maintain and keep their culture alive. They have their own traditional costume, like Choi Hongthor (traditional shirt) and rikong vetvot (traditional pant) for male and pini or sini and peh kok (traditional wear) for female. They also make their own traditional bag called jamborong.
Choi Hongthor, the traditional shirt, is widely adopted among the Assamese culture. The shirt is very similar to a flak jacket, but with buttons in place of a zipper.
Rikong vetvot is a male attire worn from the waist to below. It is a single white piece of loincloth, approximately 5 feet in length, without decoration. It can be classified into two groups: the true rikong vetvot and the neo-modern (borrowed heavily from Dhoti). Rikong vetvot is unique in a sense how it is worn and its length. It needs skill to wear it. It is almost impossible to wear with too much length (It is still difficult to wear them with a little more length). A new wearer will find the dress slipping out as there is no knot.
Pini or Sini, Peh kok and jamborong are widely famous in the state which is use by many people. Their popularity is due to their charming colours and design prepared by Karbi women.
Pini or sini is an female attire worn from the waist and covers up to the lower calf. It is similar to the dress worn by other communities like Naga, Hmar. Peh-kok is also unique in how its worn. It is a square (or similar sized) piece of cloth. Its two adjacent edge are tied into a knot (modern dress use pin in place of a knot). The knot side is then hung from the shoulder.
Jamborong is a handbag made from cloth. It has no thong, instead it use a wide piece of cloth, similar to webbing, but wider and lesser tensile strength (depend on the strength of cloth). Its size can vary. Smaller ones are similar to a woman’s purse.
A hilly district of Assam Karbi Anglong is a very beautiful place in the lap of nature. It is still somewhat unknown to the tourist in spite of its enchanting natural green forests and picturesque hills. In addition to this there are the multi-coloured cultures and traditions.
It is a small but very charming busy town. The town is located on a hill.
It is a favourite picnic spot located at a distance of 37 km from Diphu. The place surrounded by rain forests. A nature built stone bridge is also there.
65 km away from Diphu, here a divine stream of water flows down from the high hill. In front of it there is a great siva temple.
Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary which is home of hollock gibbon and golden langur. There is hot water spring in here near the national highway.It’s a beautiful waterfall located into the bosom of mountain.
It’s a beautiful waterfall located in Kanthi village, around 12 km from Denarong (Dengaon) along NH 36.
Karbi Anglong is popular for its fast growing media. The Arleng Daily, a Karbi daily, is the newspaper that heralded a new beginning for Karbi newspaper. it’s also the newspaper that brought the importance and power of media to the people. Thekar, a Karbi daily, is the highest circulated daily and the first RNI Registered Karbi newspaper. Since then, there are seven dailies in Karbi. In the year of 2005-06, a Hindi newspaper Jana Prahari was launched from bokuliaghat, a small town in Karbi Anglong.