Khordha

Khordha (also written Khurda) is an administrative division of the state of Odisha, India. It was formed on April 1, 1993 by the division of former Puri District into Puri, Khurda and Nayagarh districts. In the year 2000 the district name was changed to Khordha. The district headquarters is Khordha Town, formerly known as Jajarsingh, or Kurada. The capital city of Bhubaneswar is located in this district. Khurda is the most urbanized of all the districts of Odisha. Khurda Road, the railway station that serves the town is also the divisional headquarters of the East Coast Railway of the Indian Railways. Khurda is known for its brass utensils, cottage industries, railway coach manufacturing, and cable manufacture.

It was the capital of Odisha from 1568 to 1803. It is also known for its fort, often described as the “last independent fort”. The commander who kept it free from British East India Company was ), Bakshi Jagabandhu, popularly called ‘Paika Bakshi’.

The Savaras tribal group, who are still to be found in the district in some pockets, once heavily populated the area. Khurda came into prominence when the first Rajas of the Khordha dynasty, Ramachandra Deva, made it the capital of his kingdom during the last part of the 16th century. Khurda suffered repeated onslaughts from Muslim and Maratha cavalry but its royal house retained independence till 1804, when the British East India Company dispossessed Raja of his territory following the Second Anglo-Maratha War.

Khurda occupies a distinct place in the historical map of Odisha. Khurda was the capital of Odisha Kingdom from 1568. British government took Odisha under its rule in 1803. But it could not include Khurda in its territory till 1827. The strong protest from Paikas of Khurda shook the backbone of British rule in Odisha. Khurdagada is known as the “Last Independent Fort” of India. Now the remains of this historic fort lies as an evidence of India’s glorious past. Bhubaneswar, the capital of Odisha belongs to this district.

According to the 2011 census Khordha district has a population of 2,246,341,roughly equal to the nation of Latvia or the US state of New Mexico.This gives it a ranking of 201st in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 799 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,070/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.65%.Khordha has a sex ratio of 925 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 87.51%.