Khunti district is one of the twenty-four districts in South Chotanagpur division of the Indian state of Jharkhand. The district of Khunti was carved out of Ranchi district on 12 September 2007. It is historically known as the centre of activity of the Birsa movement.Khunti town is the headquarters of the district.As of 2011, it is the second least populous district of Jharkhand (out of 24), after Lohardaga.The district is currently a part of the Red Corridor.

According to the 2011 census Khunti district has a population of 530,299, roughly equal to the nation of Cape Verde.This gives it a ranking of 541st in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 215 inhabitants per square kilometre (560/sq mi) .Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 21.96%.Khunti has a sex ratio of 994 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 64.51%.