Koraput is a district of Odisha, India, and known for rich and diverse types of mineral deposits. It is located along the Eastern Ghats.

Koraput district was ruled by several dynasities such as Satavahans, Ikshvakus, Nalas, Ganga kings and kings of Surya vansha. It was a part of the erstwhile Madras Presidency and became a district of Odisha state on 1 April 1936.

In October, 1992, Koraput district was divided, resulting in the creation of Malkangiri, Rayagada and Nabarangpur district.It is currently a part of the Red Corridor.

Koraput is an Adivasi district, known for high concentration of Adivasi communities (tribes). Each community has its own language, hailed as a great repository of ecological knowledge. These communities have been practicing their own indigenous religions, but are termed as ‘Hindus’ by the constitution of India. This paves the way for their assimilation into the ‘Hindu Mainstream’. Adivasi religion thus faces an onslaught from both Hinduism as well as evangelical Christianity.

Jeypore tract of the Koraput district is known as one of the centres of origin of rice. The people of Koraput district, notably the adivasis have generated and conserved many indigenous cultivars of rice that are suitable for both dryland and wetland cultivation. The Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) in 2012 recognised the service of the communities of Koraput in ensuring food security by declaring the Koraput district as a Global Agricultural Heritage Site.

According to the 2011 census Koraput district has a population of 1,376,934, roughly equal to the nation of Swaziland or the US state of Hawaii.This gives it a ranking of 356th in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 156 inhabitants per square kilometre (400/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.63%.Koraput has a sex ratio of 1031 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 49.87%.

Koraput railway station is a junction station on Kirandul-Visakhapatnam railway line that branches towards Rayagada railway station on the other side. many trains like Kirandul Vskp passenger, Jagdalpur-Howrah, Jagdalpur-Bhubaneswar Hirakhand Exp halt for 10–25 minutes at Koraput. Other main railheads include Jeypore, Kotpad Road Station, Damanjodi, and Lakshmipur Road. Koraput District is served by NH-26, from Raipur to Visakhapatnam. One can go to nearby Malkangiri through Jeypore Road.