Lalitpur

Lalitpur District is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India. Lalitpur district is a part of Jhansi Division. Lalitpur is the main town and administrative headquarters. The district occupies an area of 5,039 km².

Lalitpur District is a part of Jhansi Division and was carved out as a district in the year 1974. It is connected to Jhansi District by a narrow corridor to the northeast, otherwise almost surrounded by Madhya Pradesh state.

Lalitpur district lies between latitude 24°11′ and 25°14′ (north) and longitude 78°10′ and 79°0′ (east) and is bounded by district Jhansi in the north, districts Sagar and Tikamgarh of Madhya Pradesh state in the east and Ashoknagar district of Madhya Pradesh separated by river Betwa in the west. The district had a population of 977,447 as per the census of year 2001.

This district has a number of historical and cultural places like Devgarh, Seeronji, Pavagiri, Devamata, Neelkantheshwar at Pali, Machkund ki Gufa. Lalitpur town has variety of places like many Hindu & Jain temples. Raghunathji (Bada Mandir), Shivalay, Boodhe Babba (Hanumanji), Tuvan Mandir for Hindus & Bada Mandir, Ata Mandir & Kshetrapalji for Jains are famous temples.

The district forms a portion of the hill country of Bundelkhand, sloping down from the outliers of the Vindhya Range on the south to the tributaries of the Yamuna River on the north. The extreme south is composed of parallel rows of long and narrow-ridged hills. Through the intervening valleys the rivers flow down over ledges of granite or quartz. North of the hilly region, the granite chains gradually turn into clusters of smaller hills.

The Betwa River forms the northern and western boundary of the district, and most of the district lies within its watershed. The Jamni River, a tributary of the Betwa, forms the eastern boundary. The Dhasan River forms the district’s southeastern boundary, and the southeastern portion of the district lies within its watershed.The district is now facing a secessionist movement originated in southern Uttar Pradesh and northern Madhya Pradesh to create a separate state of Bundelkhand, as this area is traditionally called by locals.

The climate of the district is sub-tropical, which is characterised by a very hot dry summer and a cold winter. Similar to other districts of the Bundelkhand region, this district also has four distinct seasons in a year. The summer season is from March to mid-June, the southwest monsoon is from mid-June to September. Post-monsoonal transition between October and November months constitute the post-monsoon season and the winter season lasts from December to February.

The territory of the present-day Lalitpur district was part of the state of Chanderi, founded in the 17th century by a Bundela Rajput who was descended from Rudra Pratap Singh of Orchha. Chanderi, along with most of Bundelkhand, came under Maratha hegemony in the 18th century. Daulat Rao Sindhia of neighboring Gwalior annexed Chanderi state in 1812. In 1844, the former state of Chanderi was ceded to the British, and became the Chanderi District of British India, with Lalitpur town as the district headquarters. The British lost the district in the Indian Rebellion of 1857, and it was not reconquered until late 1858. In 1861, the portion of the district west of the Betwa, including Chanderi, was returned to Gwalior state, and the remainder was renamed Lalitpur district.It became a part of Jhansi district from 1891 to 1974. In 1974, the district was carved out from Jhansi district.

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Lalitpur one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).

According to the 2011 census Lalitpur district, Uttar Pradesh has a population of 1,218,002, roughly equal to the nation of Bahrain or the US state of New Hampshire.This gives it a ranking of 391st in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 242 inhabitants per square kilometre (630/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 24.57%.Lalitpur has a sex ratio of 905 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 64.95%.