Lucknow is the largest city of the state of Uttar Pradesh, India A major metropolitan city of India, Lucknow is the administrative headquarters of the eponymous District and Division and the capital of the state of Uttar Pradesh.It is the third largest city in north, east and central India after Delhi and Kolkata and the second largest city in north and central India after New Delhi. It is also the largest city in Uttar Pradesh.Lucknow has always been known as a multicultural city that flourished as a North Indian cultural and artistic hub and the seat of power of Nawabs in the 18th and 19th centuries.It continues to be an important centre of governance, administration, education, commerce, aerospace, finance, pharmaceuticals, technology, design, culture, tourism, music and poetry.
The city stands at an elevation of approximately 123 metres (404 ft) above sea level and covers an area of 2,528 square kilometres (976 sq mi). Bounded on the east by the Barabanki, on the west by Unnao, on the south by Raebareli and in the north by Sitapur and Hardoi, Lucknow sits on the northwestern shore of the Gomti River. Hindi is the main language of the city and Urdu is also widely spoken. Lucknow is the centre of Shia Islam in India with the highest Shia Muslim population in India. It is accessible from every part of India by air, rail and road.
Historically, the capital of Awadh was controlled by the Delhi Sultanate which then came under the Mughal rule, it was later transferred to the Nawabs of Awadh. In 1856 British East India company abolished local rule and took complete control of the city along with the rest of Awadh and later transferred it to the British Raj in 1857. Along with the rest of India, Lucknow became independent from Britain on 15 August 1947. It is the world’s 74th fastest growing city.Lucknow, along with Agra and Varanasi, is one of the 3 cities in the Uttar Pradesh Tourism’s Heritage Arc, which is a chain of survey triangulations created by the Government Of Uttar Pradesh to boost tourism in the state.
The major industries in the Lucknow Urban Agglomeration include aeronautics, machine tools, distillery chemicals, furniture and Chikan embroidery.Lucknow is among the top 15 cities of India by GDP.Lucknow is also a major centre for research and development as home to the prominent R&D centres of the National Milk Grid of the National Dairy Development Board, the Central Institute of Medical and Aromatic Plants, the National Handloom Development Corporation and U.P. Export Corporation.
Lucknow’s buildings show different styles of architecture with the many iconic buildings built during British and Mughal era. More than half of these buildings lie in the old part of the city. The Uttar Pradesh Tourism Department organises a “Heritage Walk” for tourists covering the popular monuments.Among the extant architecture there are religious buildings such as Imambaras, mosques, and other Islamic shrines as well as secular structures such as enclosed gardens, baradaris, and palace complexes.Bara Imambara in Hussainabad is a colossal edifice built in 1784 by the then Nawab of Lucknow, Asaf-ud-Daula. It was originally built to provide assistance to people affected by the deadly famine, which struck the whole of Uttar Pradesh in the same year.It is the largest hall in Asia without any external support from wood, iron or stone beams.The monument required approximately 22,000 labourers during construction.
In common with other metropolitan cities across India, Lucknow is multicultural and home to people who use different dialects and languages.Many of the cultural traits and customs peculiar to Lucknow have become living legends today
Lucknow is home to a number of prominent educational and research organisations including Indian Institute of Information Technology, Lucknow, Indian Institute of Management Lucknow, Institute of Hotel Management, Lucknow, Central Drug Research Institute, Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, National Botanical Research Institute, Institute of Engineering and Technology, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia National Law University, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences and King George’s Medical University.
Lucknow was ranked “India’s second happiest city” in a survey conducted by IMRB International and LG Corporation, after only Chandigarh. It fared better than other metropolitan cities in India including New Delhi, Bangalore and Chennai. Lucknow was found to be better than other cities in areas such as food, transit and overall citizen satisfaction.