Madhubani District is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India, and Madhubani town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Madhubani district is a part of Darbhanga Division. The district occupies an area of 3,501 km² and has a population of 3,570,651 (as of 2001). This is the centre of Mithila, a region where the main language is Maithili.

Madhubani district occupies an area of 3,501 square kilometres (1,352 smi),comparatively equivalent to the Bahamas’ North Andros Island.

Rivers:Kamala, Bhutahi Balaan, Bachharaja, Balaan, Tirsulla, Jeevachh. Kosi, Dhous, Ghaghr Sugarba Nadi from Chharapatti Village near place is Khutauna market

River Kamala & Kosi is biggest river of this district. Madhubani’s most famous village is ‘Debhi tola’ here many temples namely Debeshwar Nath Mahadev, Sankat Mochan & Baba Dihbar. “Ziraat” an ideal place is also part of Debhi tol. It is constituted between Mithila Deep & Lakhnour Gaon near by Jhanjharpur.

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Madhubani one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF). But in last few years there a lot of changes happened This sansk city is going to adopt urbanisation.

According to the 2011 census Madhubani district has a population of 4,476,044, roughly equal to the nation of Croatia or the US state of Louisiana. This gives it a ranking of 37th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,279 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,310/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 25.19%. Madhubani has a sex ratio of 925 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 43.35%.

Maithili has highly developed literature. Madhubani has produced several authors in different fields. Vidyapati wrote collection of poems known as “Padabali”. Dr. Jaikant Mishra wrote History of Maithili literature. Mukund Jha Bakshi wrote Mithila Bhasamay Itihas, a first historical book in Maithili.Madhubani has been a center of learning Nepalese Maithili Culture in India from ancient time and it retains that position even now.

Madhubani has an All India Radio Relay station known as Akashvani Madhubani. It broadcasts on FM frequencies.