The Manipur State Museum was set up in 1969 and was inaugurated on 23rd September by Smt. Indira Gandhi, the late Prime Minister of India. At present, the museum has many galleries of Ethnology, Archaeology, Natural History, Painting and Jallan. The Manipur State Museum is situated close to Imphal Polo Ground in Kangla.
This museum houses many paintings of Manipuri rulers along with items such as costumes, arms and weapons, relics and historical artefacts. Hiyang Hiren, an ancient 78 ft long royal boat can also be seen in the open air gallery of the museum. The museum showcases a collection of articles of the former Ningthourels of Manipur.

The Manipur State Museum is also known for numerous programmes and activities such as events involving conservation of biological specimens, museum awareness programmes and cultural appreciation courses. Along with this, mobile exhibitions, science fairs and thematic exhibitions are also organised.