Mewat district, officially known as Nuh district, is one of the 21 districts of Haryana state in northern India. The district was created as the 20th district of Haryana from erstwhile Gurgaon and the Hathin Block of Faridabad districts on 4 April 2005. However, Hathin sub-division was moved to the new district of Palwal in 2008. It is bounded by Gurgaon district on the north, Rewari district on the west and Faridabad and Palwal districts on the east. Nuh is the headquarters town of this district, which occupies an area of 1,859.61 square kilometres (718.00 sq mi) and as of the 2011 India census had a population of 10,89,406. Mewat is predominantly populated by the Meos, who are agriculturalists along with Hindus.
Mewat district was carved from erstwhile Gurgoan and Hathin sub-division of Faridabad district and came into existence on 4 April 2005 as the 20th district of the Haryana State. After the formation of Palwal district, Hathin sub-division was transferred to Palwal district. Nuh town is Mewat district’s headquarters. The district comprises Nuh, Taoru, Nagina, Firozpur Jhirka and Punhana blocks, 431 villages and 297 panchayats. There were 512 villages and 365 panchayats in Mewat district before Hathin Block was transferred to Palwal district.
The soil of Mewat is light in texture, particularly sandy, sandy loam and clay loam. The upper hills are mostly barren.The total area of Mewat district is 1507 km2.
According to the 2011 census Mewat District has a population of 1,089,406, roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus or the US state of Rhode Island.This gives it a ranking of 420th in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 729 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,890/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 37.94%.Mewat has a sex ratio of 906 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 56.1% which is the worst in Haryana.
The main occupation in Mewat is agriculture along with allied and agro-based activities. The Meos are the predominant population group and are all agriculturists. Agriculture is mostly rain fed except in small pockets where canal irrigation is available. Agriculture production measured in terms of crop yield per hectare is low in comparison to the other districts of the State. Animal husbandry, particularly dairy, is the secondary source of income for the people and those who live closer to the hilly ranges of Aravali also keep sheep and goats. Milk yields are not so low, however, due to heavy indebtedness most of the farmers are forced to sell the milk to the lenders at lower than normal price, which drastically reduces their income from the milk. The poultry population in Mewat is much less in comparison to other districts of Haryana State.
Mewat falls under the Sub-Tropical, Semi-arid climatic zone with extremely hot temperature in summer. Dryness of air is standard feature in Mewat except during the monsoon season. May and June are the hottest months of the year with the temperature ranging from 30C to 48C. January, on the other hand is the coldest month with temperature ranging between 2 °C to 25 °C. Strong dusty winds are conspicuous during summer.