The modern period starts after the domination of the kingdom by the Mughals and the further tribute to British India after the British defeated the Mughals. In 1871, the British Indian government appointed an agent to assist the Maharaja in the administration. During this period the capital of the kingdom was shifted to Agartala, in West Tripura, the present state capital in the early part of 19th century.
After India’s independence, the princely state of Tripura was merged with the Union of India in 1949. Tripura became a Union Territory on 1 July, 1963, and attained the status of a full-fledged state on 21 January, 1972.