Modern History

It also saw the arrival and the conquest of British in U.P. The Mughal rule started weakening and was later confined to the Doab region. Other martial tribes ruled the rest of the areas viz. Oudh was ruled by the Shiite Nawabs, Rohilkhand by Afghans, Bundelkhand by the Marathas and Banaras by its own king, while Nepal controlled Kumaon and Gadhwal.

The ‘Divani’ of Eastern Uttar Pradesh and Oudh later passed to British. In 1764, happens when the British East India Company forces, in the historic Battle of Buxar, defeated combined army of Nawab Suja-ud-Daula, Mir Kasim and Mughal Emperor Shah Alam.

U.P. was also the epicenter of the Sepoy revolt of 1857. Some of the major protagonist of that mutiny e.g. Nana Saheb, Tantya Tope, Rani of Jhansi, Maharaja of Benaras and Begum Hazrat Mahal were the resident of Uttar Pradesh. Mangal Pandey, a Sepoy named is said to have initiated this revolt in U.P. when he opened fired on a British Sergeant in the Merrut Cantonment.