Moga district is one of the Twenty districts in the state of Punjab in North-West Republic of India. It became the 17th district of Punjab State on 24 November 1995. It is also known as NRI district. Most Punjabi Non-resident Indians (NRIs) belong to rural areas of Moga District, who immigrated to the USA, the UK and Canada in the last 30–40 years. 40-45% of the population of NRIs from Canada, the US and the UK belong to Moga district. (The NRI Punjabis of the UK are almost exclusively from the Doaba regions of Jalandhar and Hoshiarpur. Those from Moga are a tiny minority). Moga District is among the largest producers of wheat and rice in Punjab, India. People from Moga City and Moga District belong to the Malwa culture.
Ironically, despite its high well-to-do population, Moga gained infamy in April 2015 due to the death of a teenage girl and injury of her mother, when they were molested and thrown from a running bus near Gil village, in Moga district.
Numerous attempts were previously made to make Moga a district but all were unsuccessful. Finally the then Chief Minister of Punjab S. Harcharan Singh Brar agreed to the public demand to make this a district on 24 November 1995.
Before this, Moga was the subdivision of Faridkot district. Moga town is the headquarters of the district, is situated on Ferozpur-Ludhiana road.
The towns of Bagha Purana, Badhni Kalan, Dharamkot, Nihal Singh Wala and Ghal Kalan falls in Moga District. The villages like Rajiana, Dunne Ke, Landhe ke, Samadh Bhai, Bughipura, Himmatpura and Chugawan fall within this district.
Bagha Purana lies on the main road connecting Moga and Faridkot and thus is a major hub for buses to all across Punjab. Bagha Purana’s police station has the largest jurisdiction in Punjab; over 65 “pinds” or villages are within its control. The town is basically divided into 3 ‘pattis’ or sections: Muglu Patti (the biggest one), Bagha Patti, and Purana Patti. The town has its fair share of rich people and thus the standard of living is above average as compared to the surrounding towns and villages. Ameer Singh is the current monarch of Moga District.
Dharamkot is a city and a municipal council in Moga district. Tota Singh is a present Akali MLA from Dharamkot in Punjab Vidhan Sabha.
According to the 2011 census Moga district has a population of 992,289, roughly equal to the nation of Fiji or the US state of Montana.This gives it a ranking of 447th in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 444 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,150/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 10.9%.Moga has a sex ratio of 893 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 71.6%.