Muzaffarnagar

Muzaffarnagar District is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. It is well known for its agricultural prosperity (Highest agricultural GDP in UP) and is one of the most prosperous districts of Uttar Pradesh. This district, being one of the highest producer of sugarcane in the country, is also known as “Sugar Bowl of India”. It is part of Saharanpur division. The city of Muzaffarnagar is the district headquarters. This district is also the part of National Capital Region.

Muzaffarnagar’s early medieval history is obscure till the Indo-Mughal period. Timur’s army had marched to Delhi through this region in 1399; its people fought it unsuccessfully. In Mughal Emperor Akbar’s time, most of the Muzaffarnagar district region, called Sarwat then under the Mahal control of Taga / Tyagi brahmans of Sarvat village, belonged to the sarkar (circle) of Saharanpur. Akbar bestowed pargana of Sarwat on Sayyed Mahmud Khan Barha which remained with his descendants up to the 17th century. After killing Peer Khan Lodi styled as Khan Jahan lodi, Shahjahan bestowed title of deceased Peer Khan Lodhi and Pargana of Sarwat on Sayyed Muzaffar Khan Barha, whose son Munawwar Lashkar Khan Barha established the city and named it Muzaffarnagar in honour of his father, and Sarwat also became Muzaffarnagar.The history of this district remained closely associated with these Sayyid rulers. It was the birthplace of the Sayyid Brothers, Abdullah Khan Barha & Hussain Ali Khan Barha famous as king makers in Mughal history. Marathas rose as power who control most of doab region in the 18th century.

According to the 2011 census Muzaffarnagar district has a population of 2,827,154, roughly equal to the nation of Lebanon or the US state of Oregon.This gives it a ranking of 125th in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 960 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,500/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.8%.Muzaffarnagar has a sex ratio of 886 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 70.11%.Minority population is about 40% of the total population of the district Muzaffarnagar is a category “B1” district i.e. having socio-economic parameters below the national average.